Document Detail

Enduring effects for cognitive behavior therapy in the treatment of depression and anxiety.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  16318597     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Recent studies suggest that cognitive and behavioral interventions have enduring effects that reduce risk for subsequent symptom return following treatment termination. These enduring effects have been most clearly demonstrated with respect to depression and the anxiety disorders. It remains unclear whether these effects are a consequence of the amelioration of the causal processes that generate risk or the introduction of compensatory strategies that offset them and whether these effects reflect the mobilization of cognitive or other mechanisms. No such enduring effects have been observed for the psychoactive medications, which appear to be largely palliative in nature. Other psychosocial interventions remain largely untested, although claims that they produce lasting change have long been made. Whether such enduring effects extend to other disorders remains to be seen, but the capacity to reduce risk following treatment termination is one of the major benefits provided by the cognitive and behavioral interventions with respect to the treatment of depression and the anxiety disorders.
Steven D Hollon; Michael O Stewart; Daniel Strunk
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Review    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Annual review of psychology     Volume:  57     ISSN:  0066-4308     ISO Abbreviation:  Annu Rev Psychol     Publication Date:  2006  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2005-12-01     Completed Date:  2006-03-21     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0372374     Medline TA:  Annu Rev Psychol     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  285-315     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Psychology, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, Tennessee 37203, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Anxiety / therapy*
Attitude to Health
Bipolar Disorder / prevention & control
Cognitive Therapy / methods*
Depression / therapy*
Hypochondriasis / psychology
Interpersonal Relations
Panic Disorder / prevention & control
Recurrence / prevention & control
Retention (Psychology)*
Stress Disorders, Post-Traumatic / psychology,  therapy

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