Document Detail

Endovascular recanalization of chronic long-segment occlusions of the inferior vena cava: midterm results.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  16643081     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
PURPOSE: To report the midterm results of endovascular recanalization of chronic long-segment (> 5 cm) occlusions of the inferior vena cava (IVC) with stent placement. METHODS: Nine patients (5 men; median age 30 years, range 14-58) with disabling complaints for more than 6 months caused by IVC occlusions were treated by endovascular recanalization. Mean occlusion length was 11 cm (range 6-22); some occlusions extended to the iliac (n = 3) or common femoral (n = 2) veins. All procedures were performed under local anesthesia via a bilateral femoral (n = 7) or popliteal (n = 2) approach. In 3 patients, combined access to the brachial or internal jugular vein was necessary. Patients with acute-on-chronic thrombosis were pretreated with urokinase. After guidewire recanalization, the chronic occlusions were predilated and self-expanding Wallstents were implanted. RESULTS: The initial technical and clinical success was 100%. The venous clinical severity score (pain, venous edema, inflammation, and active ulceration) decreased from a mean 8 +/- 2 to 5 +/- 1 after the procedure. Over a median follow-up of 9 months (mean 21, range 4- 110), 3 patients died. One rethrombosis occurred, and an asymptomatic restenosis was discovered on routine imaging. The primary patency rate was 78%, and the 9-month occlusion-free survival rate was 56%. CONCLUSION: Endovascular recanalization of chronic long-segment occlusions of the IVC is a safe and worthwhile technique to offer patients with debilitating symptoms.
Wouter W te Riele; Tim Th C Overtoom; Jos C van den Berg; Eric D W M van de Pavoordt; Jean-Paul P M de Vries
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of endovascular therapy : an official journal of the International Society of Endovascular Specialists     Volume:  13     ISSN:  1526-6028     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Endovasc. Ther.     Publication Date:  2006 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2006-04-28     Completed Date:  2006-10-13     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  100896915     Medline TA:  J Endovasc Ther     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  249-53     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Vascular Surgery, St. Antonius Hospital, Nieuwegein, The Netherlands.
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MeSH Terms
Chronic Disease
Middle Aged
Severity of Illness Index
Survival Rate
Treatment Outcome
Vascular Diseases / etiology,  surgery*
Vena Cava, Inferior / surgery*

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