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Endotoxemia after high cutoff hemodialysis for treatment of patient with multiple myeloma can be prevented by using ultrapure dialysate: A case report.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23113894     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
To report endotoxemia presented in a case with multiple myeloma (MM) treated by high cutoff hemodialysis (HCO-HD) being prevented by using ultrapure dialysate. A female inpatient with MM received six times HCO-HD (HCO 2100 dialyzer) within 3 weeks after initiation of a chemotherapy based on vincristine + epirubicin + dexamethasone protocol. Conventional dialysate was used in the first three times and then changed to ultrapure dialysate due to elevation of body temperature after HCO-HD. Free light chains (FLC) and endotoxin levels in blood and dialysate were monitored. After six times HCO-HD, her serum FLC λ decreased from 4689 mg/L to 492.7 mg/L, with a trend of decline of serum creatinine. The clearance, reduction ratio, and removal amount of FLC λ was 38.4 mL/min, 71.0-85.2%, and 9.06-18.02 g, respectively, in the setting of dialysate flow rate 500 mL/min, while in the setting of dialysate flow rate 200 mL/min, the removal efficacy of FLC λ was lower than the former. A rise of body temperature up to 38.5°C after treatment and endotoxemia (endotoxin levels 0.122 EU/mL) was found when using conventional dialysate (endotoxin levels 0.112-0.145 EU/mL), but not seen after changing to ultrapure dialysate. Combined with appropriate chemotherapy, HCO-HD can effectively remove and reduce blood FLC. Attention should be paid to the endotoxemia and the rise of temperature after treatment when conventional dialysate is used, which can be prevented by using ultrapure dialysate.
Authors:
Dehua Gong; Daxi Ji; Kaiyue Zhang; Xianghua Huang; Gaoyuan Huang; Bin Xu; Zhihong Liu
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-10-30
Journal Detail:
Title:  Hemodialysis international. International Symposium on Home Hemodialysis     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1542-4758     ISO Abbreviation:  Hemodial Int     Publication Date:  2012 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-11-1     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101093910     Medline TA:  Hemodial Int     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
© 2012 The Authors. Hemodialysis International © 2012 International Society for Hemodialysis.
Affiliation:
Research Institute of Nephrology, Jinling Hospital, Nanjing University School of Medicine, Nanjing, China.
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