Document Detail


Endothelin and vasopressin influence splanchnic blood flow distribution during and after cardiopulmonary bypass.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22551769     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
OBJECTIVE: Gastrointestinal blood flow can be compromised during and after cardiopulmonary bypass. Endothelin has been shown to be involved in the intestinal microcirculatory disturbance of sepsis. The aim of the present study was to analyze the involvement of the endothelin system on intestinal blood flow regulation during cardiopulmonary bypass and the effect of vasopressin given during cardiopulmonary bypass. METHODS: A total of 24 pigs were studied in 4 groups (n = 6): group I, sham; group II, ischemia/reperfusion with 1 hour of superior mesenteric artery occlusion; group III, cardiopulmonary bypass for 1 hour; and group IV, 1 hour of cardiopulmonary bypass plus vasopressin administration, maintaining the baseline arterial pressure. All the pigs were reperfused for 90 minutes. During the experiment, the hemodynamics and jejunal microcirculation were measured continuously. The jejunal mucosal expression of endothelin-1 and its receptor subtypes A and B were determined using polymerase chain reaction. RESULTS: During cardiopulmonary bypass, superior mesenteric artery flow was preserved but marked jejunal microvascular impairment occurred compared with baseline (mucosal capillary density, 192.2 ± 5.4 vs 150.8 ± 5.1 cm/cm(2); P = .005; tissue blood flow, 501.7 ± 39.3 vs 332.3 ± 27.9 AU; P = .025). The expression of endothelin-1 after cardiopulmonary bypass (3.2 ± 0.4 vs 12.2 ± 0.8 RQ, P = .006) and endothelin subtype A (0.7 ± 0.2 vs 2.4 ± 0.6 RQ; P = .01) was significantly increased compared to the sham group. Vasopressin administration during cardiopulmonary bypass led to normal capillary density (189.9 ± 3.9 vs 178.0 ± 6.3; P = .1) and tissue blood flow (501.7 ± 39.3 vs 494.7 ± 44.4 AU; P = .4) compared with baseline. The expression of endothelin-1 (3.2 ± 0.4 vs 1.8 ± 0.3 RQ; P = .3) and endothelin subtype A (0.7 ± 0.2 vs 0.9 ± 0.2 RQ; P = .5) was not different from the sham group. CONCLUSIONS: Cardiopulmonary bypass leads to microvascular impairment of jejunal microcirculation, which is associated with the upregulation of endothelin-1 and endothelin subtype A. The administration of vasopressin minimizes these cardiopulmonary bypass-associated alterations.
Authors:
Hagen Bomberg; Benjamin Bierbach; Stephan Flache; Isabell Wagner; Lena Gläser; Heinrich V Groesdonk; Michael D Menger; Hans-Joachim Schäfers
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-4-30
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Journal of thoracic and cardiovascular surgery     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1097-685X     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2012 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-5-3     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0376343     Medline TA:  J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2012 The American Association for Thoracic Surgery. Published by Mosby, Inc. All rights reserved.
Affiliation:
Department of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery, University Hospital of Saarland, Homburg/Saar, Germany.
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