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Endothelial function and hemodynamics in systemic sclerosis.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20718808     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Process    
INTRODUCTION: Systemic sclerosis (SSc) is characterized by the development of fibrosis of skin and internal organs that is associated with vascular damage. However, its related parameters have not been fully explored. The aim of this study was to investigate endothelial function in SSc and its relationship with systolic pulmonary artery pressure and systemic arterial compliance (SAC).
METHODS: We studied 14 SSc females (4 with diffuse and 10 with limited cutaneous form of the disease) and 14 healthy controls matched for age and for cardiovascular risk factors. Endothelium-dependent dilation (i.e. flow-mediated) and endothelium-independent (i.e. nitroglycerin-induced) dilation of the brachial artery were measured as the percentage of change from baseline (FMD and NMD, respectively). In patients with SSc, SAC, cardiac output (CO), systemic arterial resistance and pulmonary artery pressure were estimated using echocardiography Doppler.
RESULTS: Heart rate, brachial artery pressure and body mass index did not differ between patients with SSc and controls. Flow-mediated vasodilation (FMD) and NMD were significantly decreased in patients with SSc (10.3 ± 8.6 versus 26.6 ± 7.4%, P<0.001; 24.2 ± 8.4 versus 33.3 ± 10.1%, P<0.001, respectively). Postischaemia reactive hyperaemia was lower in patients with SSc (275 ± 185 versus 618 ± 366%, P<0.001). FMD and nitrate-mediated dilation (NMD) were associated with CO, but not with SAC; moreover, FMD correlated with pulmonary artery pressure and peripheral arterial resistance conversely to NMD.
CONCLUSIONS: Endothelium function in SSc is impaired independently to SAC. Furthermore, the severity of both small artery and pulmonary artery involvement may impact on endothelium-dependent function.
Pascal Rossi; Brigitte Granel; Dominique Marziale; Fanny Le Mée; Yves Francès
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article     Date:  2010-08-15
Journal Detail:
Title:  Clinical physiology and functional imaging     Volume:  30     ISSN:  1475-097X     ISO Abbreviation:  Clin Physiol Funct Imaging     Publication Date:  2010 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-11-02     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101137604     Medline TA:  Clin Physiol Funct Imaging     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  453-9     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
© 2010 The Authors. Clinical Physiology and Functional Imaging © 2010 Scandinavian Society of Clinical Physiology and Nuclear Medicine.
Internal Medicine department, North Hospital, Chemin des Bourrely, Marseille Cedex, France.
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