Document Detail

Endoscopic variceal ligation: an alternative to sclerotherapy.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  2792677     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Endoscopic variceal ligation (EVL) consists of mechanical ligation and thrombosis of varices using elastic "O" rings. This study assessed the efficacy and safety of EVL as definitive therapy for bleeding esophageal varices. During a 16-month period, 68 consecutive patients with bleeding varices had EVL. Fourteen patients died from 3 to 125 (median = 12.5) days after initial EVL. Fifteen (88%) of those actively bleeding at index treatment had bleeding controlled during index hospitalization. Survivors of index hospitalization had a 37% incidence of recurrent bleeding. Thirty-five patients had varices eradicated or reduced to small size with a median of five EVL treatments. No significant treatment-related nonbleeding complications resulted from 265 EVL sessions. EVL appears to control active variceal bleeding and eradicates varices with repeat treatments. EVL results in few nonbleeding complications, and may be employed as a safe alternative to sclerotherapy.
G V Stiegmann; J S Goff; J H Sun; D Davis; J Bozdech
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Gastrointestinal endoscopy     Volume:  35     ISSN:  0016-5107     ISO Abbreviation:  Gastrointest. Endosc.     Publication Date:    1989 Sep-Oct
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1989-11-17     Completed Date:  1989-11-17     Revised Date:  2004-11-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0010505     Medline TA:  Gastrointest Endosc     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  431-4     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Surgery, University of Colorado Health Science Center, Denver 80262.
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MeSH Terms
Aged, 80 and over
Embolization, Therapeutic
Esophageal and Gastric Varices / complications,  surgery*
Esophagoscopy / methods
Gastrointestinal Hemorrhage / etiology*,  surgery
Middle Aged
Retrospective Studies

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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