Document Detail

Endoscopic third ventriculostomy in children younger than 1 year of age.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  15287449     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
OBJECT: The authors analyzed data obtained in 36 patients younger than 1 year of age who were treated with endoscopic third ventriculostomy (ETV) for obstructive hydrocephalus at their institution. METHODS: There were 17 boys and 19 girls who ranged in age from 3 days to 11 months (mean 4.7 months). The causes of the hydrocephalus were Chiari Type II malformation (11 cases), aqueductal stenosis (11 cases), and other (14 cases). The success rate was 64% (p < 0.05, confidence interval 0.48-0.8) and there were four complications, mainly meningitis. The follow-up period ranged from 22 to 69 months (mean 47.4 months). CONCLUSIONS: Based on the 64% success rate in children younger than 1 year of age, ETV should be the treatment of choice for obstructive hydrocephalus in this age group, although larger studies involving specific causes of hydrocephalus are needed.
Rodrigo Panico Gorayeb; Sergio Cavalheiro; Samuel Tau Zymberg
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of neurosurgery     Volume:  100     ISSN:  0022-3085     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Neurosurg.     Publication Date:  2004 May 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2004-08-03     Completed Date:  2004-09-02     Revised Date:  2005-04-14    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0253357     Medline TA:  J Neurosurg     Country:  Unknown    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  427-9     Citation Subset:  IM    
Escola Paulista de Medicina, Federal University of São Paulo, Brazil.
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MeSH Terms
Endoscopy / methods*
Hydrocephalus / surgery*
Infant, Newborn
Neurosurgical Procedures
Postoperative Complications
Third Ventricle / surgery*
Treatment Outcome
Ventriculostomy / methods*

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