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Endoscopic self-expandable metallic stent placement in malignant pyloric or duodenal obstruction: Does chemotherapy effect stent patency?
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23057590     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
AIM: Self-expandable metallic stents (SEMS) have been used for palliation in patients with malignant gastroduodenal obstructions. We evaluated clinical outcomes after SEMS placement and identified prognostic factors of SEMS patency, including chemotherapy. METHODS: A review of records of 85 patients with unresectable gastric or pancreatic cancer who underwent endoscopic SEMS insertion for gastroduodenal obstructions at Seoul National University Bundang Hospital. RESULTS: From August 2003 to October 2009, 85 patients with gastroduodenal obstruction were managed with endoscopic SEMS placement. Technical success was achieved in 82 patients (96%) and clinical success in 68 patients (80%). Of 49 patients who had clinical success, 19 underwent chemotherapy (chemoTx group), and 30 patients did not (non-chemoTx group). Cumulative SEMS patency in the 49 patients who achieved clinical success were 84, 54 and 41% at 2, 3 and 6 months, respectively. By univariate and multivariate analysis, there was no statistical difference in the SEMS patency between the two groups (cumulative SEMS patency rate: 95 vs 73% at 2 months, 15 vs 63% at 3 months, 40 vs 42% at 6 months, respectively, P < 0.793). CONCLUSION: Chemotherapy does not improve SEMS patency in patients with malignant gastroduodenal obstruction caused by unresectable gastric or pancreatic cancer.
Authors:
Byung Hyo Cha; Sang Hyub Lee; Jang Eun Kim; Ji Youn Yoo; Young Soo Park; Jin-Wook Kim; Sook-Hyang Jeong; Nayoung Kim; Dong Ho Lee; Jin-Hyeok Hwang
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-10-11
Journal Detail:
Title:  Asia-Pacific journal of clinical oncology     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1743-7563     ISO Abbreviation:  Asia Pac J Clin Oncol     Publication Date:  2012 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-10-12     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101241430     Medline TA:  Asia Pac J Clin Oncol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
© 2012 Wiley Publishing Asia Pty Ltd.
Affiliation:
Department of Internal Medicine, Seoul National University Bundang Hospital, Seongnam, Korea; Digestive Disease Center and Department of Internal Medicine, Cheju Halla General Hospital, Jeju, Korea.
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