Document Detail

Endoscopic band ligation of internal haemorrhoids versus stapled haemorrhoidopexy in patients with portal hypertension.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21429448     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
BACKGROUND AND STUDY AIM: Portal hypertension is common in Egypt as a sequela to the high prevalence of hepatitis C virus and bilharziasis. In portal hypertension internal haemorrhoids are frequently found. The aim of this work was to compare the outcome of endoscopic band ligation (EBL) of symptomatic internal haemorrhoids with that of stapled haemorrhoidopexy (SH) in Egyptian patients with portal hypertension.
PATIENTS AND METHODS: In this study, 26 portal hypertensive patients (with oesophageal and/or fundal varices) with a grade 2-4 internal haemorrhoids who had no coagulation disorders were randomised to treatment by EBL (13 patients) or SH (13 patients) after doing colonoscopy. Symptom scores of bleeding and prolapse were assessed before and after the intervention. Complications were recorded. Patients were followed up for 12months.
RESULTS: Goligher's grades of internal haemorrhoids improved significantly (p=0.018) 12weeks after SH (from 2.9±0.8 to 0.4±0.5; p=0.001) and after EBL (from 2.8±0.8 to 1.1±0.8; p=0.001). Symptom (bleeding and prolapse) scores significantly improved 4weeks after both EBL (from 1.6±0.8 to 0.6±0.8; p<0.001 and from 1.6±0.9 to 0.5±0.5; p=0.002, respectively) and SH (from 1.8±0.8 to 0.2±0.4; p=0.002 and from 1.5±0.9 to 0.2±0.4; p=0.001, respectively). The differences after 4weeks between EBL and SH were not significant (p=0.168 and p=0.225). Pain requiring analgesics occurred in five patients (38.5%) after EBL, compared with six (46.2%) after SH (p=0.691). Minimal bleeding occurred in two patients (15.4%) after EBL but not with SH; urinary retention was observed in one patient after EBL compared with two after SH; and anal fissures were observed in one patient after EBL. During 1-year follow-up, increased frequency of stool occurred in one patient after EBL. Recurrence of symptoms was observed in three patients after EBL and in one after SH.
CONCLUSION: For portal hypertensive patients with internal haemorrhoids and without coagulation disorders SH seems to be superior to EBL. However further studies are needed to evaluate EBL in different grades of cirrhosis.
Tarik Zaher; Islam Ibrahim; Amany Ibrahim
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Arab journal of gastroenterology : the official publication of the Pan-Arab Association of Gastroenterology     Volume:  12     ISSN:  2090-2387     ISO Abbreviation:  Arab J Gastroenterol     Publication Date:  2011 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-03-24     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101298363     Medline TA:  Arab J Gastroenterol     Country:  Egypt    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  11-4     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2011 Arab Journal of Gastroenterology. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Gastrointestinal Endoscopy Unit, Endemic and Tropical Medicine Department, Faculty of Medicine, Zagazig University, Zagazig, Egypt.
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