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Endoreduplication in Cervical Trophoblast Cells from Normal Pregnancies.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22877079     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Abstract Objective: Fetal cells represented by extravillous trophoblasts (EVT) obtained from the cervix are an important source for non-invasive prenatal diagnosis (NIPD) in early pregnancies. Endoreduplication is a duplication of chromosomes without mitosis, leading to polyploidy that might represent increased cellular metabolic activity. In this study, we estimated the normal prevalence of polyploid trophoblasts exfoliated to the cervix between 5 and 13 weeks of gestation. Methods: Cervical samples were obtained by cytobrush, between 5 and 13 weeks of gestation from 36 randomly selected, singleton pregnancies. FISH was done with X, Y and two 21 probes. Results: We diagnosed 21 pregnancies with female and 15 pregnancies with male fetal karyotypes. A mean of 15.2 (0.02%) tetraploid cells were found in pregnancies with a female fetus and a mean of 2.0 (0.003%) tetraploid cells were found in pregnancies with a male fetus. The tetraploid cells (endoreduplicated trophoblasts) were two to three times larger than the normal cells usually seen in the cervix. Conclusions: Extravillus trophoblasts tend to form endoreduplication to the ploidy level of 4c-8c of DNA. Those cells may represent a typical phenomenon in the growing placenta. Extravillus trophoblasts from female fetuses tend to form higher rates of endoreduplication.
Authors:
Tal Biron-Shental; Moshe D Fejgin; Stavros Sifakis; Meytal Liberman; Anstaklis A; Aliza Amiel
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-8-10
Journal Detail:
Title:  The journal of maternal-fetal & neonatal medicine : the official journal of the European Association of Perinatal Medicine, the Federation of Asia and Oceania Perinatal Societies, the International Society of Perinatal Obstetricians     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1476-4954     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Matern. Fetal. Neonatal. Med.     Publication Date:  2012 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-8-10     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101136916     Medline TA:  J Matern Fetal Neonatal Med     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Meir Medical Center, Kfar Saba, Israel.
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