Document Detail

Endophthalmitis caused by unusual gram-negative bacilli: three case reports and review.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  8268350     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Endophthalmitis due to gram-negative bacilli has been associated with a high degree of vision loss. We report three cases due to the nonenteric gram-negative bacilli Moraxella nonliquefaciens, Haemophilus paraphrophilus, and multidrug-resistant Haemophilus influenzae. The features of these cases are compared with those of other reported cases of endophthalmitis due to unusual nonenteric gram-negative bacilli. Fifty-eight percent of patients had no vision in the affected eye after treatment. Early surgical intervention with vitrectomy and intravitreous antibiotics in addition to parenteral antibiotics should be included in the treatment of endophthalmitis due to gram-negative bacilli.
M E Schmidt; M A Smith; C S Levy
Publication Detail:
Type:  Case Reports; Journal Article; Review    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Clinical infectious diseases : an official publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America     Volume:  17     ISSN:  1058-4838     ISO Abbreviation:  Clin. Infect. Dis.     Publication Date:  1993 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1994-02-03     Completed Date:  1994-02-03     Revised Date:  2005-11-16    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9203213     Medline TA:  Clin Infect Dis     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  686-90     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Infectious Diseases, Washington Hospital Center, Washington, D.C. 20010.
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MeSH Terms
Actinobacillus Infections / drug therapy,  microbiology,  surgery
Actinobacillus actinomycetemcomitans / isolation & purification
Ampicillin / therapeutic use
Ceftriaxone / therapeutic use
Endophthalmitis / drug therapy,  microbiology*,  surgery
Gentamicins / therapeutic use
Haemophilus Infections / drug therapy,  microbiology*,  surgery
Haemophilus influenzae* / isolation & purification
Middle Aged
Moraxella* / isolation & purification
Neisseriaceae Infections / drug therapy,  microbiology*,  surgery
Postoperative Complications
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Gentamicins; 69-53-4/Ampicillin; 73384-59-5/Ceftriaxone

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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