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Endoleak Detection After Endovascular Repair of Thoracic Aortic Aneurysm Using Dual-Source Dual-Energy CT: Suitable Scanning Protocols and Potential Radiation Dose Reduction.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23345371     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
OBJECTIVE: The objective of our study was to evaluate the diagnostic performance of dual-source dual-energy CT (DECT) in the detection of endoleaks after thoracic endovascular aortic repair for thoracic aortic aneurysm and to investigate if a double-phase (arterial and dual-energy late delayed phase) or a single-phase (dual-energy late delayed phase) acquisition can replace the standard triphasic protocol.
MATERIALS AND METHODS: All DECT examinations performed for evaluation after thoracic endovascular aortic repair during a 30-month period were retrospectively reviewed. An initial single-source unenhanced acquisition was followed by a single-source arterial phase acquisition and a dual-energy 300-second late delayed phase acquisition. "Virtual noncontrast images" were generated from the dual-energy acquisition. Two independent and blinded radiologists evaluated the cases during three reading sessions: session A (triphasic protocol: standard unenhanced, arterial phase, and late delayed phase), session B (virtual noncontrast and late delayed phase), and session C (virtual noncontrast, arterial phase, and late delayed phase). The diagnostic accuracies of sessions B and C were calculated using session A as the reference standard. Contrast-to-noise ratios and effective radiation doses were calculated.
RESULTS: Forty-eight patients (mean age, 66 years; age range, 19-84 years) underwent 74 triple-phase CT examinations. The single-phase studies (session B) were characterized by 85.7% sensitivity, 100% specificity, 100% negative predictive value (NPV), and 94.6% positive predictive value (PPV). The dual-phase study (session C) revealed 100% sensitivity, 100% specificity, 100% NPV, and 100% PPV. The use of the dual-phase protocol and single-phase protocol resulted in a radiation exposure reduction of 19.5% and 64.1%, respectively.
CONCLUSION: Virtual noncontrast and late delayed phase images reconstructed from a single DECT acquisition can replace the standard triphasic protocol in follow-up examinations after thoracic endovascular aortic repair, thereby providing a significant dose reduction.
Authors:
Lucía Flors; Carlos Leiva-Salinas; Patrick T Norton; James T Patrie; Klaus D Hagspiel
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  AJR. American journal of roentgenology     Volume:  200     ISSN:  1546-3141     ISO Abbreviation:  AJR Am J Roentgenol     Publication Date:  2013 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-01-24     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7708173     Medline TA:  AJR Am J Roentgenol     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  451-60     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Radiology and Medical Imaging, University of Virginia Health System, 1215 Lee St, Box 800170, Charlottesville, VA 22908.
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