Document Detail


Endogenous voltage gradients as mediators of cell-cell communication: strategies for investigating bioelectrical signals during pattern formation.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22350846     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Alongside the well-known chemical modes of cell-cell communication, we find an important and powerful system of bioelectrical signaling: changes in the resting voltage potential (Vmem) of the plasma membrane driven by ion channels, pumps and gap junctions. Slow Vmem changes in all cells serve as a highly conserved, information-bearing pathway that regulates cell proliferation, migration and differentiation. In embryonic and regenerative pattern formation and in the disorganization of neoplasia, bioelectrical cues serve as mediators of large-scale anatomical polarity, organ identity and positional information. Recent developments have resulted in tools that enable a high-resolution analysis of these biophysical signals and their linkage with upstream and downstream canonical genetic pathways. Here, we provide an overview for the study of bioelectric signaling, focusing on state-of-the-art approaches that use molecular physiology and developmental genetics to probe the roles of bioelectric events functionally. We highlight the logic, strategies and well-developed technologies that any group of researchers can employ to identify and dissect ionic signaling components in their own work and thus to help crack the bioelectric code. The dissection of bioelectric events as instructive signals enabling the orchestration of cell behaviors into large-scale coherent patterning programs will enrich on-going work in diverse areas of biology, as biophysical factors become incorporated into our systems-level understanding of cell interactions.
Authors:
Dany S Adams; Michael Levin
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Review     Date:  2012-02-17
Journal Detail:
Title:  Cell and tissue research     Volume:  352     ISSN:  1432-0878     ISO Abbreviation:  Cell Tissue Res.     Publication Date:  2013 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-03-20     Completed Date:  2013-09-03     Revised Date:  2014-01-09    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0417625     Medline TA:  Cell Tissue Res     Country:  Germany    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  95-122     Citation Subset:  IM    
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Animals
Cell Communication*
Gap Junctions / physiology
Humans
Ion Channels / metabolism
Membrane Potentials*
Morphogenesis*
Signal Transduction
Grant Support
ID/Acronym/Agency:
R01 AR055993/AR/NIAMS NIH HHS; R01 AR061988/AR/NIAMS NIH HHS; R01 EY018168/EY/NEI NIH HHS; R01 GM078484/GM/NIGMS NIH HHS
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Ion Channels
Comments/Corrections

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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