Document Detail

Endogenous subclinical hyperthyroidism affects quality of life and cardiac morphology and function in young and middle-aged patients.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  11134131     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
To determine the clinical impact of endogenous subclinical hyperthyroidism, specific symptoms and signs of thyroid hormone excess and quality of life were assessed in 23 patients (3 males and 20 females; mean age, 43 +/- 9 yr) and 23 age-, sex-, and lifestyle-matched normal subjects by using the Symptoms Rating Scale and the Short Form 36 Health Survey questionnaires. Because the heart is one of the main target organs of the thyroid hormone, cardiac morphology and function were also investigated by means of standard 12-lead electrocardiogram (ECG), 24-h Holter ECG, and complete Doppler echocardiography. Stable endogenous subclinical hyperthyroidism had been diagnosed in all patients at least 6 months before the study (TSH, 0.15 +/- 0.1 mU/L; free T(3), 6.9 +/- 1.1, pmol/L; free T(4), 17.2 +/- 2.3, pmol/L). Fifteen patients were affected by multinodular goiter, and eight patients by autonomously functioning thyroid nodule. The mean Symptoms Rating Scale score (9. 8 +/- 5.5 vs. 4.3 +/- 2.2, P: < 0.001) and both the mental (36.1 +/- 9.5 vs. 50.0 +/- 8.5, P: < 0.001) and physical (42.6 +/- 8.0 vs. 55. 6 +/- 4.1, P: < 0.001) component scores of Short Form 36 Health Survey documented a significant prevalence of specific symptoms and signs of thyroid hormone excess and notable impairment of quality of life in patients. Holter ECG showed a higher prevalence of atrial premature beats in endogenous subclinical hyperthyroid patients than in the controls, but the difference was not statistically significant, although the average heart rate was significantly increased in the patients (P: < 0.001). An increase of left ventricular mass (162 +/- 24 vs. 132 +/- 22 g, P: < 0.001) due to the increase of septal (P: = 0.025) and posterior wall (P: = 0.004) thickness was observed in patients. Systolic function was enhanced in patients as shown by the significant increase of both fractional shortening (P: = 0.005) and mean velocity of heart rate-adjusted circumferential fiber shortening (P: = 0.036). The Doppler parameters of diastolic function were significantly impaired in the patients as documented by the reduced early to late ratio of the transmitral flow velocities (P: < 0.001) and the prolonged isovolumic relaxation time (P: = 0.006). These data indicate that endogenous subclinical hyperthyroidism has a relevant clinical impact and that it affects cardiac morphology and function. Moreover, they suggest that treatment of persistent endogenous subclinical hyperthyroidism should be considered also in young and middle-aged patients to attenuate specific symptoms and signs of thyroid hormone excess, ameliorate the quality of life, and avoid the consequences to the heart of long exposure to a mild excess of thyroid hormone.
B Biondi; E A Palmieri; S Fazio; C Cosco; M Nocera; L Saccà; S Filetti; G Lombardi; F Perticone
Publication Detail:
Type:  Clinical Trial; Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Journal of clinical endocrinology and metabolism     Volume:  85     ISSN:  0021-972X     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Clin. Endocrinol. Metab.     Publication Date:  2000 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2001-02-02     Completed Date:  2001-02-02     Revised Date:  2007-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0375362     Medline TA:  J Clin Endocrinol Metab     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  4701-5     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Departments of Endocrinology and Internal Medicine, University of Naples "Federico II" Medical School, 80131 Naples, Italy.
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MeSH Terms
Aging / physiology*
Arrhythmias, Cardiac / physiopathology
Atrial Premature Complexes / physiopathology
Echocardiography, Doppler, Pulsed
Heart / physiopathology*
Heart Function Tests
Hyperthyroidism / pathology*,  physiopathology,  psychology*
Middle Aged
Myocardium / pathology*
Quality of Life*
Thyroid Hormones / blood
Ventricular Function, Left / physiology
Ventricular Premature Complexes / physiopathology
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Thyroid Hormones

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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