Document Detail


Endogenous reward mechanisms and their importance in stress reduction, exercise and the brain.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22371784     Owner:  NLM     Status:  PubMed-not-MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Stress can facilitate disease processes and causes strain on the health care budgets. It is responsible or involved in many human ailments of our time, such as cardiovascular illnesses, particularly related to the psychosocial stressors of daily life, including work. Besides pharmacological or clinical medical treatment options, behavioral stress reduction is much-needed. These latter approaches rely on an endogenous healing potential via life-style modification. Hence, research has suggested different ways and approaches to self-treat stress or buffer against stressors and their impacts. These self-care-centred approaches are sometimes referred to as mind-body medicine or multi-factorial stress management strategies. They consist of various cognitive behavioral techniques, as well as relaxation exercises and nutritional counselling. However, a critical and consistent element of modern effective stress reduction strategies are exercise practices. With regard to underlying neurobiological mechanisms of stress relief, reward and motivation circuitries that are imbedded in the limbic regions of the brain are responsible for the autoregulatory and endogenous processing of stress. Exercise techniques clearly have an impact upon these systems. Thereby, physical activities have a potential to increase mood, i.e., decrease psychological distress by pleasure induction. For doing so, neurobiological signalling molecules such as endogenous morphine and coupled nitric oxide pathways get activated and finely tuned. Evolutionarily, the various activities and autoregulatory pathways are linked together, which can also be demonstrated by the fact that dopamine is endogenously converted into morphine which itself leads to enhanced nitric oxide release by activation of constitutive nitric oxide synthase enzymes. These molecules and mechanisms are clearly stress-reducing.
Authors:
Tobias Esch; George B Stefano
Related Documents :
19995464 - Predictive factors of adherence to frequency and duration components in home exercise p...
20702684 - Intervention components promoting adherence to strength training exercise in breast can...
19890634 - Effects of home-based exercise program on the functional status and the quality of life...
2489834 - Participant perceptions of exercise programs for overweight women.
16388444 - Effects of training on lactate kinetics parameters and their influence on short high-in...
2207704 - Involvement of corticotropin-releasing factor in the anorexia induced by exercise.
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Archives of medical science : AMS     Volume:  6     ISSN:  1896-9151     ISO Abbreviation:  Arch Med Sci     Publication Date:  2010 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-02-28     Completed Date:  2012-10-02     Revised Date:  2013-05-29    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101258257     Medline TA:  Arch Med Sci     Country:  Poland    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  447-55     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
Division of Integrative Health Promotion, Coburg University of Applied Sciences, Coburg, Germany.
Export Citation:
APA/MLA Format     Download EndNote     Download BibTex
MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


Previous Document:  Normalization of the Verbal Fluency Test on the basis of results for healthy subjects, patients with...
Next Document:  Opioid peptides and opiate alkaloids in immunoregulatory processes.