Document Detail


Endogenous gut signals and metabolites control daily food intake.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  2086519     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Parabiotic pairs of inbred Lewis rats had two different types of crossed intestinal surgery performed. In the one-way surgery, food was lost from the duodenum of one rat in a pair into a 30 cm segment of upper small intestine of its partner. The unabsorbed intestinal chyme returned to the lower duodenum of the first rat. In the second surgery, food was lost from the lower jejunum of one rat into the upper ileum of its partner. The lower gut of the first rat received no further food stimulus while the ileum, cecum and colon of its partner were doubly stimulated. As a result of these two surgeries, the rat in each pair that lost food into its partner's intestine showed a 40-60 percent increase in daily food intake while its partner reduced its intake by an equivalent 40-60 percent regardless of whether the food was lost into the upper or lower small intestine. The large and sustained changes in daily food intake did not correlate significantly with body weight or with the wet weight of the fat, liver or heart at sacrifice. Therefore, daily significant changes in body or organ weight were not necessary to produce large changes in daily food intake. Instead, some combination of endogenous signals from the gut, of plasma levels of absorbed nutrients or of endogenous signals generated by the subsequent metabolism of absorbed nutrients in peripheral tissues must control daily food intake.
Authors:
H S Koopmans
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  International journal of obesity     Volume:  14 Suppl 3     ISSN:  -     ISO Abbreviation:  Int J Obes     Publication Date:  1990  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1991-05-17     Completed Date:  1991-05-17     Revised Date:  2014-06-03    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7703240     Medline TA:  Int J Obes     Country:  ENGLAND    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  93-102; discussion 102-4     Citation Subset:  IM    
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Animals
Body Weight
Eating / physiology*
Intestinal Absorption
Intestines / physiology*
Male
Organ Size
Rats
Rats, Inbred Lew

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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