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Endogenous expression of Neuregulin-1 (Nrg1) as a potential modulator of prolactin (PRL) secretion in GH3 cells.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21437657     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The binding of Neuregulin-1 (Nrg1) to the epidermal growth factor family of receptor tyrosine kinases (ErbB) mediates intercellular and intracellular communication and regulates a broad spectrum of biological processes, such as tumorigenesis and myelination. Recombinant Nrg1 has been shown to control prolactin (PRL) secretion from rat prolactinoma GH3 cells. However, the endogenous expression of Nrg1 and its role in PRL secretion in GH3 cells are not known. In this study, we demonstrate that type III Nrg1 isoforms are endogenously expressed in GH3 cells. An in vitro functional analysis by using short interfering RNA against Nrg1 has revealed that endogenous Nrg1 regulates PRL secretion from GH3 cells in part in an ErbB-3-receptor-dependent manner, with no significant effects on growth hormone secretion. Therefore, Nrg1 is a specific modulator of PRL secretion in GH3 cells. Additionally, the co-localization of Nrg1 and ErbB-2 receptor, which is shared by both ErbB-3 and ErbB-4 receptors in the formation of heterodimers, has been detected in one out of five human prolactinoma tissues. Our findings suggest that GH3 cells intrinsically express a group of type III Nrg1 isoforms that regulate PRL secretion through an autocrine/paracrine mechanism. Further investigation into the role of Nrg1 on PRL secretion should provide clues to advance the clinical management of prolactinoma.
Authors:
Weijiang Zhao; Yanqin Shen; Songguang Ren
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2011-3-25
Journal Detail:
Title:  Cell and tissue research     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1432-0878     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2011 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-3-25     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0417625     Medline TA:  Cell Tissue Res     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
Center for Neuroscience, Shantou University Medical College, Shantou, Guangdong Province, 515041, People's Republic of China, neuromancn@yahoo.com.cn.
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