Document Detail


Endogenous ascorbic acid modulates meristem reactivation in white spruce somatic embryos and affects thymidine and uridine metabolism.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  16740495     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Previously, we demonstrated that, in some cell lines, exogenous applications of ascorbic acid (ASC) enhance the conversion frequency of white spruce (Picea glauca (Moench) Voss) somatic embryos, by stimulating mitotic activity in the apical meristems. To examine this event in more detail, we investigated the effects of ASC on de novo, salvage and degradation pathways of pyrimidine metabolism by following the metabolic fate of (14)C-labeled orotic acid, thymidine, uridine and uracil in shoot and root poles of germinating embryos, after altering the cellular ASC content of the embryos. Alterations in endogenous ASC content did not affect the utilization of either orotic acid or uracil, but affected the metabolism of thymidine and uridine. Specifically, a lowering of endogenous ASC content by applications of lycorine (L), an inhibitor of the last enzyme of the ASC de novo biosynthetic pathway, resulted in a lower embryo conversion frequency, as well as a reduced percentage of thymidine and uridine incorporated into nucleotides and nucleic acids. The reduction in thymidine and uridine anabolism was mainly ascribed to the decreased activities of thymidine kinase (TRK) and uridine kinase (URK), the respective salvage enzymes of thymidine and uridine, measured in L-treated embryos. These effects were solely a result of a decrease in endogenous ASC content because applications of ascorbic acid plus lycorine (ASC + L) increased embryo conversion frequency, thymidine and uridine salvage activities, and TRK and URK activities to near control values. Inclusion of exogenous ASC in the germination medium did not affect the percentage of embryos able to convert to viable plantlets, although it increased thymidine and uridine utilization for nucleic acid synthesis in the shoot and root poles of the embryos. Taken together, these findings confirm that cellular ASC plays a key role in the reactivation of the apical meristems of germinating white spruce somatic embryos.
Authors:
Claudio Stasolla; Edward C Yeung
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Tree physiology     Volume:  26     ISSN:  0829-318X     ISO Abbreviation:  Tree Physiol.     Publication Date:  2006 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2006-06-02     Completed Date:  2007-03-21     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  100955338     Medline TA:  Tree Physiol     Country:  Canada    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1197-206     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Plant Science, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada, R3T 2N2. stasolla@ms.umanitoba.ca
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Ascorbic Acid / metabolism*,  pharmacology
Carbon Radioisotopes
Germination / physiology
Meristem / drug effects,  metabolism
Picea / drug effects,  embryology*,  metabolism*
Plant Roots / drug effects,  metabolism
Plant Shoots / drug effects,  metabolism
Thymidine / metabolism*
Uridine / metabolism*
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Carbon Radioisotopes; 50-81-7/Ascorbic Acid; 50-89-5/Thymidine; 58-96-8/Uridine

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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