Document Detail

Endodontic-orthodontic relationships: a review of integrated treatment planning challenges.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  10551108     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Literature review There is a paucity of information on the concise relationship between endodontics and orthodontics during treatment planning decisions. This relationship ranges from effects on the pulp from orthodontic treatment and the potential for resorption during tooth movement, to the clinical management of teeth requiring integrated endodontic and orthodontic treatment. This paper reviews the literature based on the definition of endodontics and the scope of endodontic practice as they relate to common orthodontic-endodontic treatment planning challenges. Literature data bases were accessed with a focus on orthodontic tooth movement and its impact on the viability of the dental pulp; its impact on root resorption in teeth with vital pulps and teeth with previous root canal treatment; the ability to move orthodontically teeth that were endodontically treated versus nonendodontically treated; the role of previous tooth trauma; the ability to move teeth orthodontically that have been subjected to endodontic surgery; the role of orthodontic treatment in the provision for and prognosis of endodontic treatment; and, the integrated role of orthodontics and endodontics in treatment planning tooth retention. Orthodontic tooth movement can cause degenerative and/or inflammatory responses in the dental pulp of teeth with completed apical formation. The impact of the tooth movement on the pulp is focused primarily on the neurovascular system, in which the release of specific neurotransmitters (neuropeptides) can influence both blood flow and cellular metabolism. The responses induced in these pulps may impact on the initiation and perpetuation of apical root remodelling or resorption during tooth movement. The incidence and severity of these changes may be influenced by previous or ongoing insults to the dental pulp, such as trauma or caries. Pulps in teeth with incomplete apical foramen, whilst not immune to adverse sequelae during tooth movement, have a reduced risk for these responses. Teeth with previous root canal treatment exhibit less propensity for apical root resorption during orthodontic tooth movement. Minimal resorptive/remodelling changes occur apically in teeth that are being moved orthodontically and that are well cleaned, shaped, and three-dimensionally obturated. This outcome would depend on the absence of coronal leakage or other avenues for bacterial ingress. A traumatized tooth can be moved orthodontically with minimal risk of resorption, provided the pulp has not been severely compromised (infected or necrotic). If there is evidence of pulpal demise, appropriate endodontic management is necessary prior to orthodontic treatment. If a previously traumatized tooth exhibits resorption, there is a greater chance that orthodontic tooth movement will enhance the resorptive process. If a tooth has been severely traumatized (intrusive luxation/avulsion) there may be a greater incidence of resorption with tooth movement. This can occur with or without previous endodontic treatment. Very little is known about the ability to move successfully teeth that have undergone periradicular surgical procedures. Likewise, little is known about the potential risks or sequelae involved in moving teeth that have had previous surgical intervention. Especially absent is the long-term prognosis of this type of treatment. During orthodontic tooth movement, the provision of endodontic treatment may be influenced by a number of factors, including but not limited to radiographic interpretation, accuracy of pulp testing, patient signs and symptoms, tooth isolation, access to the root canal, working length determination, and apical position of the canal obturation. Adjunctive orthodontic root extrusion and root separation are essential clinical procedures that will enhance the integrated treatment planning process of tooth retention in endodontic-orthodontic related cases.
R S Hamilton; J L Gutmann
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Review    
Journal Detail:
Title:  International endodontic journal     Volume:  32     ISSN:  0143-2885     ISO Abbreviation:  Int Endod J     Publication Date:  1999 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1999-11-17     Completed Date:  1999-11-17     Revised Date:  2008-08-07    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8004996     Medline TA:  Int Endod J     Country:  ENGLAND    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  343-60     Citation Subset:  D    
Department of Restorative Sciences, Texas A & M University Health Science Center, Baylor College of Dentistry, Dallas 75246, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Dental Pulp / blood supply,  innervation
Dental Pulp Diseases / etiology*,  therapy
Patient Care Planning
Patient Care Team
Root Resorption / etiology,  therapy
Tooth Injuries / complications
Tooth Movement / adverse effects*
Tooth, Nonvital / complications

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