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Endocytic Uptake of FITC-Albumin by Human Alveolar Epithelial Cell Line A549.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22214936     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
The uptake mechanism of FITC-labeled albumin (FITC-albumin) was examined in human alveolar epithelial cell line A549. FITC-albumin uptake by A549 cells was time- and temperature-dependent, and was markedly suppressed at 4°C compared with that at 37°C. The uptake was saturable, and was mediated by a high-affinity, low capacity system and by a low-affinity, high capacity system. In the following experiments, we focused on the low-affinity system. FITC-albumin uptake was markedly inhibited by metabolic inhibitors and by a vacuolar H(+)-ATPase, bafilomycin A(1). The uptake was inhibited by clathrin-mediated endocytosis inhibitors (phenylarsine oxide and chlorpromazine). Potassium depletion and hypertonicity that inhibit clathrin-mediated endocytosis also decreased FITC-albumin uptake. On the other hand, caveolae-mediated endocytosis inhibitors (indomethacin and nystatin) did not affect FITC-albumin uptake. In addition, FITC-albumin uptake was inhibited by macropinocytosis inhibitors such as 5-(N-ethyl-N-isopropyl) amiloride. These results suggest that the low-affinity system of FITC-albumin uptake is mediated by endocytosis in A549 cells, predominantly via a clathrin-mediated pathway. Macropinocytosis, but not caveolae-mediated endocytosis, may also be involved. Considering our previous findings, albumin may be transported by the similar mechanism and/or pathway in rat and human alveolar epithelial cells.
Ryoko Yumoto; Sayuri Suzuka; Keisuke Oda; Junya Nagai; Mikihisa Takano
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-1-3
Journal Detail:
Title:  Drug metabolism and pharmacokinetics     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1880-0920     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2012 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-1-4     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101164773     Medline TA:  Drug Metab Pharmacokinet     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Department of Pharmaceutics and Therapeutics, Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences, Hiroshima University.
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