Document Detail


Endocrine responses to resistance exercise.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  3057315     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The purpose of this brief review is to examine resistance training responses of selected hormones related to acute stress and growth promoting actions. Hormonal mechanisms appear to be involved with both short-term homeostatic control and long-term cellular adaptations. Few studies have modeled the exercise stimulus in resistance training to determine the role of different exercise variables to the hormonal response. A variety of resistance exercise protocols result in increases in peripheral hormonal concentrations. It appears that single factor variables such as the intensity (% of RM) of exercise and amount of muscle mass utilized in the exercise protocol are important determinants of hormonal responses. The volume (sets x repetitions x intensity) of exercise also appears to be an important determinant of hormonal response. Still, little is known with regard to other single and multiple factor variables (e.g., rest period length) and their relationships to peripheral hormonal alterations. Collectively, such information will allow greater understanding concerning the nature of the exercise stimulus and its relationship to training adaptations resulting from heavy resistance exercise.
Authors:
W J Kraemer
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Review    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Medicine and science in sports and exercise     Volume:  20     ISSN:  0195-9131     ISO Abbreviation:  Med Sci Sports Exerc     Publication Date:  1988 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1988-12-28     Completed Date:  1988-12-28     Revised Date:  2005-11-16    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8005433     Medline TA:  Med Sci Sports Exerc     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  S152-7     Citation Subset:  IM; S    
Affiliation:
Exercise Physiology Division, U.S. Army Research Institute of Environmental Medicine, Natick, MA 01760-5007.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adaptation, Physiological*
Adrenal Cortex Hormones / physiology
Androgens / physiology
Exercise*
Growth Hormone / physiology
Hormones / physiology*
Humans
Somatomedins / physiology
Weight Lifting
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Adrenal Cortex Hormones; 0/Androgens; 0/Hormones; 0/Somatomedins; 9002-72-6/Growth Hormone

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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