Document Detail

Endocrine response patterns and psychological correlates.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  7077544     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
A group of young men volunteering for military service in the United States Navy were studied during an acute stress situation. The subjects (S's)(N = 62) were non-swimmers, and they all had to jump from a 5-foot platform into the deep end of a swimming pool. Before and after the exposure, blood and urine samples were taken for endocrine analysis. The Defense Mechanism Test (DMT), the Coping Operations Preference Enquiry (COPE), Joffe and Nanitch Scales for Defenses (J&N), and a Mood Questionnaire (MQ) were administered. For the endocrine reactions, postsamples, 3 factors emerged: a Cortisol factor, a Testosterone factor, and a Catecholamine factor. There was a significant correlation between the Cortisol factor and defense mechanisms, evaluated both by the DMT and the paper-and-pencil tests. Furthermore, there was a significant relationship between high anxiety, and defense mechanisms on the one hand, and physiological responses on the other.
R Vaernes; H Ursin; A Darragh; R Lambe
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of psychosomatic research     Volume:  26     ISSN:  0022-3999     ISO Abbreviation:  J Psychosom Res     Publication Date:  1982  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1982-07-22     Completed Date:  1982-07-22     Revised Date:  2004-11-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0376333     Medline TA:  J Psychosom Res     Country:  ENGLAND    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  123-31     Citation Subset:  IM    
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MeSH Terms
Adaptation, Psychological / physiology
Anxiety / metabolism
Defense Mechanisms
Epinephrine / urine*
Growth Hormone / blood
Hydrocortisone / metabolism*
Norepinephrine / urine*
Prolactin / blood
Stress, Psychological / metabolism*,  psychology
Testosterone / blood*
Reg. No./Substance:
50-23-7/Hydrocortisone; 51-41-2/Norepinephrine; 51-43-4/Epinephrine; 58-22-0/Testosterone; 9002-62-4/Prolactin; 9002-72-6/Growth Hormone

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