Document Detail


Endocrine and cellular characteristics of corpora lutea from cows with a delayed post-ovulatory progesterone rise.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  16289469     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The timing of the post-ovulatory progesterone rise is critical to the embryonic development and survival. The aim of this study was to determine the underlying causes of delayed post-ovulatory progesterone rises. Two groups of non-lactating dairy cows with early (n = 11) or late (n = 9) post-ovulatory progesterone rises were created by inducing luteolysis in the presence of either a large (> 10 mm) or small (< 10 mm) follicle, respectively. LH pulses were measured on days 4 (all cows) and 7 (n = 7, early; n = 5, late) (day 1= ovulation). The cows were slaughtered on day 5 (n = 4 each group) or 8 (n = 7, early; n = 5, late). Immunohistochemical analysis for endothelial cells (von Willebrand Factor, VWF), steroidogenic cells (3beta-HSD) and proliferation marker (Ki67) were performed. The basal progesterone production and LH responsiveness (0.001-100 ng/ml) of dispersed luteal cells was investigated. The luteal concentrations of FGF-2 and VEGF were measured by ELISA and RIA, respectively. There were no differences in LH pulse characteristics, area of VWF staining, proliferation index, steroidogenic cell characteristics, basal or LH-stimulated progesterone production by luteal cells between cows with an early or late progesterone rise (P > 0.10). However, the area of VWF staining increased from days 5 to 8, while the proliferation index decreased (P < 0.05). Furthermore, the luteal cells were more responsive to LH on day 8 (P < 0.01). Luteal concentrations of FGF-2 were higher on day 5 (P = 0.05), while VEGF was greater on day 8 (P < 0.01). In conclusion, we have clearly shown that LH support, degree of vascularization or luteal cell steroidogenic capacity were not the major factors responsible for inadequate secretion of progesterone by the developing bovine CL.
Authors:
R S Robinson; A J Hammond; L T Nicklin; D Schams; G E Mann; M G Hunter
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't     Date:  2005-10-25
Journal Detail:
Title:  Domestic animal endocrinology     Volume:  31     ISSN:  0739-7240     ISO Abbreviation:  Domest. Anim. Endocrinol.     Publication Date:  2006 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2006-06-07     Completed Date:  2006-08-24     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8505191     Medline TA:  Domest Anim Endocrinol     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  154-72     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Division of Animal Physiology, University of Nottingham, Sutton Bonington Campus, Loughborough, Leics LE12 5RD, UK. Bob.Robinson@nottingham.ac.uk
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Actins / metabolism
Animals
Blotting, Western / veterinary
Cattle / physiology*
Cell Proliferation
Corpus Luteum / blood supply,  cytology,  metabolism,  physiology*
Female
Fibroblast Growth Factor 2 / metabolism
Hydroxysteroid Dehydrogenases / metabolism
Immunohistochemistry / veterinary
Ki-67 Antigen / metabolism
Linear Models
Luteal Cells / cytology,  physiology
Luteinizing Hormone / blood
Neovascularization, Physiologic / physiology
Ovulation Induction / veterinary
Progesterone / blood,  physiology*
Random Allocation
Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A / metabolism
von Willebrand Factor / metabolism
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Actins; 0/Ki-67 Antigen; 0/Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A; 0/von Willebrand Factor; 103107-01-3/Fibroblast Growth Factor 2; 57-83-0/Progesterone; 9002-67-9/Luteinizing Hormone; EC 1.1.-/Hydroxysteroid Dehydrogenases

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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