Document Detail

Endocarditis complicating central venous catheter bloodstream infections: a unique form of health care associated endocarditis.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20014189     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
BACKGROUND: Endocarditis complicating central venous catheter blood stream infection (CVC-BSI) is a serious complication and is being seen with increasing frequency. METHODS: All patients discharged from our institution with International Classification of Disease (ICD-9) codes of endocarditis and CVC-BSI were identified. The medical records of those meeting our inclusion criteria were reviewed. RESULTS: From October 1, 1998 until December 31, 2006, 24 patients were identified with inpatient mortality of 20.8%. Nine cases were nosocomial and 15 were non-nosocomial. The most common comorbidities were diabetes mellitus (45.8%), chronic kidney disease (58.4%), prior valvular abnormalities (37.5%), and multiple prior hospitalizations (65.2%). There were 13 external lines, 9 tunneled lines, and 2 implantable ports. Responsible microorganisms included Staphylococcus aureus in 54.6%, coagulase-negative staphylococci in 37.5%, Candida species (spp.) in 16.6%, and enterococci in 12.5%. Five cases were polymicrobial. The line tip was within the right atrium (RA) in 37.5%, the superior vena cava (SVC)-RA junction in 20.8%, the SVC in 33.3%, and the pulmonary artery in 4.2% of patients. Sites of endocardial involvement were the aortic valve in 6 patients, mitral valve in 7 patients, tricuspid valve in 6 patients, right atrial wall in 11 patients, and pacemaker wire in 2 patients. Isolated right-sided involvement occurred in 50% of cases, isolated left-sided in 33.4%, and bilateral involvement in 16.6%. Transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) was necessary for diagnosis in 10 cases (41.6%). CONCLUSIONS: Endocarditis complicating CVC-BSI more often involves right-sided structures, with catheter tips in or near the right atrium, frequently requires TEE for diagnosis, and has significant inpatient mortality.
Michael P Chrissoheris; Claudia Libertin; Ronan G Ali; Andre Ghantous; Amenuve Bekui; Thomas Donohue
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Clinical cardiology     Volume:  32     ISSN:  1932-8737     ISO Abbreviation:  Clin Cardiol     Publication Date:  2009 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2009-12-28     Completed Date:  2010-04-06     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7903272     Medline TA:  Clin Cardiol     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  E48-54     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
Copyright 2009 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
Section of Cardiology Hospital of Saint Raphael, New Haven, CT 06511, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Anti-Bacterial Agents / therapeutic use
Bacteremia / etiology*
Catheter-Related Infections / complications*,  therapy
Catheterization, Central Venous / adverse effects*
Cross Infection / complications
Echocardiography, Transesophageal
Endocarditis, Bacterial / complications*,  diagnosis,  therapy
Heart Atria / microbiology,  ultrasonography
Heart Valves / microbiology,  ultrasonography
Middle Aged
Retrospective Studies
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Anti-Bacterial Agents

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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