Document Detail

Endobronchial cryptococcosis in AIDS.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  14528886     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Although cryptococcosis is a common thoracic complication among patients with AIDS, endobronchial abnormalities have rarely been reported. A 45-year-old man presented with a productive cough, fever, and headache. His CD4+ cell count was 7/mm3 and testing for antibodies to HIV-1 was positive. Radiological examination revealed consolidation in the left lung, including cavitation. Bronchoscopic examination demonstrated white, slightly raised, plaque-like lesions in the trachea and left bronchi. Histopathological examination of endobronchial biopsy specimens revealed granulation tissue with abundant encapsulated yeast in the tissue. Cryptococcus neoformans was cultured from the bronchial lavage specimen. Cryptococcal infection should be included in the differential diagnosis of endobronchial abnormalities in patients with AIDS.
Tetsuya Kashiyama; Akiko Kimura
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Case Reports; Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Respirology (Carlton, Vic.)     Volume:  8     ISSN:  1323-7799     ISO Abbreviation:  Respirology     Publication Date:  2003 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2003-10-06     Completed Date:  2004-04-13     Revised Date:  2004-11-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9616368     Medline TA:  Respirology     Country:  Australia    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  386-8     Citation Subset:  IM    
Internal Medicine, Respiratory and Critical Care, Tokyo Metropolitan Ohkubo Hospital, Japan.
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MeSH Terms
AIDS-Related Opportunistic Infections / diagnosis*,  microbiology
CD4 Lymphocyte Count
Cryptococcosis / diagnosis*,  microbiology
Cryptococcus neoformans / isolation & purification*
Diagnosis, Differential
Middle Aged

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