Document Detail

End-expiratory lung volume and ventilation distribution with different continuous positive airway pressure systems in volunteers.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21108619     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Process    
BACKGROUND: Continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) has been shown to improve oxygenation and a number of different CPAP systems are available. The aim of this study was to assess lung volume and ventilation distribution using three different CPAP techniques.
METHODS: A high-flow CPAP system (HF-CPAP), an ejector-driven system (E-CPAP) and CPAP using a Servo 300 ventilator (V-CPAP) were randomly applied at 0, 5 and 10 cmH₂O in 14 volunteers. End-expiratory lung volume (EELV) was measured by N₂ dilution at baseline; changes in EELV and tidal volume distribution were assessed by electric impedance tomography.
RESULTS: Higher end-expiratory and mean airway pressures were found using the E-CPAP vs. the HF-CPAP and the V-CPAP system (P<0.01). EELV increased markedly from baseline, 0 cmH₂O, with increased CPAP levels: 1110±380, 1620±520 and 1130±350 ml for HF-, E- and V-CPAP, respectively, at 10 cmH₂O. A larger fraction of the increase in EELV occurred for all systems in ventral compared with dorsal regions (P<0.01). In contrast, tidal ventilation was increasingly directed toward dorsal regions with increasing CPAP levels (P<0.01). The increase in EELV as well as the tidal volume redistribution were more pronounced with the E-CPAP system as compared with both the HF-CPAP and the V-CPAP systems (P<0.05) at 10 cmH₂O.
CONCLUSION: EELV increased more in ventral regions with increasing CPAP levels, independent of systems, leading to a redistribution of tidal ventilation toward dorsal regions. Different CPAP systems resulted in different airway pressure profiles, which may result in different lung volume expansion and tidal volume distribution.
B Andersson; S Lundin; S Lindgren; O Stenqvist; H Odenstedt Hergès
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't     Date:  2010-11-25
Journal Detail:
Title:  Acta anaesthesiologica Scandinavica     Volume:  55     ISSN:  1399-6576     ISO Abbreviation:  Acta Anaesthesiol Scand     Publication Date:  2011 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-01-13     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0370270     Medline TA:  Acta Anaesthesiol Scand     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  157-64     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
© 2010 The Authors. Journal compilation © 2010 The Acta Anaesthesiologica Scandinavica Foundation.
Department of Anesthesiology and Intensive Care Medicine, Institute of Clinical Sciences, Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Gothenburg, Sweden.
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