Document Detail


Enculturing brains through patterned practices.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20813499     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Recent findings in neuroscience have shown differential patterns in brain activity in response to similar stimuli and activities across cultural and social differences. This calls for a framework to understand how such differences may come to be implemented in brains and neurons. Based on strands of research in social anthropology, we argue that human practices are characterized by particular patterns, and that participating in these patterns orders how people perceive and act in particular group- and context-specific ways. This then leads to a particular patterning of neuronal processes that may be detected using e.g. brain imaging methods. We illustrate this through (a) a classical example of phoneme perception (b) recent work on performance in experimental game play. We then discuss these findings in the light of predictive models of brain function. We argue that a 'culture as patterned practices' approach obviates a rigid nature-culture distinction, avoids the problems involved in conceptualizing 'culture' as a homogenous grouping variable, and suggests that participating as a competent participant in particular practices may affect both the subjective (first person) experience and (third person) objective measures of behavior and brain activity.
Authors:
Andreas Roepstorff; Jörg Niewöhner; Stefan Beck
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Review     Date:  2010-08-10
Journal Detail:
Title:  Neural networks : the official journal of the International Neural Network Society     Volume:  23     ISSN:  1879-2782     ISO Abbreviation:  Neural Netw     Publication Date:    2010 Oct-Nov
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-10-18     Completed Date:  2011-01-28     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8805018     Medline TA:  Neural Netw     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1051-9     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2010 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Affiliation:
Department of Social Anthropology, University of Aarhus, Ethnography and Social Anthropology, Nordre Ringgade1, 8000 Aarhus, Denmark. andreas.roepstorff@hum.au.dk
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Acoustic Stimulation
Anthropology, Cultural*
Artificial Intelligence
Brain / growth & development,  physiology*
Child
Child Development
Culture*
Humans
Neural Networks (Computer)
Play and Playthings
Practice (Psychology)*

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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