Document Detail

Enculturation, perceived stress, and physical activity: implications for metabolic risk among the Yup'ik - The Center for Alaska Native Health Research Study.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23297688     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Objectives. American Indians and Alaska Natives (ANs) report among the lowest levels of physical activity in the USA, but there is very little systematic research examining the determinants of physical activity patterns in these populations. This study investigated the relationships between enculturation (or cultural traditionality), psychosocial stress, and physical activity in a community-based sample of Yup'ik women and men living in rural AN communities. Associations between these variables and several metabolic risk factors were also examined. Design. A sample of 488 Yup'ik participants (284 women and 204 men) from six villages in the Yukon-Kuskokwim Delta region completed a wellness survey and an array of physiological assessments [e.g., body mass index (BMI), blood pressure]. A subset of 179 participants also completed a 3-day pedometer assessment of physical activity. Results. Multivariate linear regression models indicated that participants who were more enculturated (i.e., living more of a traditional lifestyle) and who experienced lower levels of psychosocial stress were significantly more physically active. In turn, both lower levels of psychosocial stress and higher levels of physical activity were associated with lower BMI, lower percent body fat, and lower waist circumference. Conclusions. Findings underscore the importance of gaining a culturally specific understanding of physical activity patterns in indigenous groups in order to inform effective health promotion strategies.
Andrea Bersamin; Christopher Wolsko; Bret R Luick; Bert B Boyer; Cecile Lardon; Scarlett E Hopkins; Judith S Stern; Sheri Zidenberg-Cherr
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2013-1-9
Journal Detail:
Title:  Ethnicity & health     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1465-3419     ISO Abbreviation:  Ethn Health     Publication Date:  2013 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-1-9     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9608374     Medline TA:  Ethn Health     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
a Center for Alaska Native Health Research , University of Alaska Fairbanks , Fairbanks , AK , USA.
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