Document Detail

Enantioselective biocatalytic hydrolysis of (R,S)-mandelonitrile for production of (R)-(-)-mandelic acid by a newly isolated mutant strain.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20640871     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
(R)-(-)-Mandelic acid (R-MA) is an important intermediate with broad uses. Recently, R-MA production using nitrilase has been gaining more and more attention due to its higher productivity and enantioselectivity. In this work, a new bacterium WT10, which exhibited favorable nitrilase activity and excellent enantioselectivity for production of R-MA by enantioselective biocatalytic hydrolysis of (R,S)-mandelonitrile, was isolated and identified as a strain of Alcaligenes faecalis. In order to improve its nitrilase activity for industrial application, the wild-type strain WT10 was further subjected to mutagenesis using a combined LiCl-ultraviolet irradiation and low energy N(+) ion beams implantation technique. A valuable mutant strain A. faecalis ZJUTB10 was obtained. The nitrilase specific activity of the mutant strain was greatly improved up to 350.8 U g(-1), in comparison with wild-type strain WT10 of 53.09 U g(-1). The reaction conditions for R-MA production by mutant strain A. faecalis ZJUTB10 were also optimized. Nitrilase activity in mutant strain showed a broad pH optimum at pH 7.7-8.5. The optimal temperature was 35°C. The highest production rate reached 9.3 mmol h(-1) g(-1). The results showed that mutant strain A. faecalis ZJUTB10 was a new candidate for efficient R-MA production from (R,S)-mandelonitrile and could potentially be used in industrial production.
Ya-Ping Xue; Sai-Zhen Xu; Zhi-Qiang Liu; Yu-Guo Zheng; Yin-Chu Shen
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article     Date:  2010-07-18
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of industrial microbiology & biotechnology     Volume:  38     ISSN:  1476-5535     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Ind. Microbiol. Biotechnol.     Publication Date:  2011 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-01-24     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9705544     Medline TA:  J Ind Microbiol Biotechnol     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  337-45     Citation Subset:  IM    
Institute of Bioengineering, Zhejiang University of Technology, 18 Chaowang Road, Hangzhou, 310014, People's Republic of China.
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