Document Detail

Enantiomer-specific biomagnification of alpha-hexachlorocyclohexane and selected chiral chlordane-related compounds within an Arctic marine food web.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  14552014     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Concentrations of achiral and chiral organochlorine contaminants (OCs), including hexachlorocyclohexane isomers (HCH), chlordane congeners (cis- and trans-chlordane, cis- and trans-nonachlor, MC5, MC7, and U82), and related metabolites (oxychlordane [OXY] and heptachlor exo-epoxide [HEPX]), were quantified in seawater (100 L; n = 6) and biota from the coastal Beaufort-Chukchi Seas food web near Barrow (AK, USA). The biota included zooplankton (Calanus spp.; n = 5), fish species such as arctic cod (Boreogadus saida; n = 10), arctic char (Salvelinus alpinus; n = 3), and marine mammals including bowhead whales (Balaena mysticetus; liver: n = 23; blubber: n = 40), beluga whales (Delphinapterus leucas; blubber: n = 20), ringed seals (Phoca hispida; blubber: n = 20), and bearded seals (Erignathus barbatus; blubber: n = 7). The food web magnification factors (FWMFs) for HCHs and chlordane compounds ranged from 0.5 (gamma-HCH) to 6.5 (HEPX) and were expected based on known recalcitrance and biotransformation of OCs. The enantiomer fractions (EFs) of all chiral OCs were near racemic (EF = 0.50) in the seawater, zooplankton, and all fish analyzed. In contrast, the EFs for most OCs analyzed were nonracemic (EF # 0.50) in the marine mammals blubber (range: 0.09-0.79) because of enantiomer-specific biotransformation and (or) accumulation. However, EF values were not significantly correlated with isotopically determined trophic level. The EFs for all chiral OCs (except alpha-HCH) in bowhead whale liver closely approximated the values in zooplankton, suggesting that the accumulation of chiral OCs from prey into this cetacean is not enantiomer specific. However, the modification of EFs from bowhead liver to blubber suggests that this species has the ability to enantioselectively biotransform and accumulate several chiral OC compounds.
Paul F Hoekstra; Todd M O'Hara; Heidi Karlsson; Keith R Solomon; Derek C Muir
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Environmental toxicology and chemistry / SETAC     Volume:  22     ISSN:  0730-7268     ISO Abbreviation:  Environ. Toxicol. Chem.     Publication Date:  2003 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2003-10-13     Completed Date:  2003-12-02     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8308958     Medline TA:  Environ Toxicol Chem     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  2482-91     Citation Subset:  IM    
University of Guelph, Department of Environmental Biology, Environment Canada, National Water Research Institute, Burlington, Ontario, Canada.
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MeSH Terms
Biological Availability
Carcinogens / pharmacokinetics*
Chlordan / pharmacokinetics*
Environmental Monitoring
Food Chain*
Insecticides / pharmacokinetics*
Lindane / pharmacokinetics*
Liver / chemistry
Molecular Conformation
Seals, Earless*
Seawater / chemistry
Tissue Distribution
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Carcinogens; 0/Insecticides; 12789-03-6/Chlordan; 319-84-6/alpha-hexachlorocyclohexane; 58-89-9/Lindane

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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