Document Detail


Enabling persons with multiple disabilities to choose among environmental stimuli and request stimulus repetitions through microswitch and computer technology.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  17165398     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
This study assessed microswitch and computer technology to enable two participants with multiple disabilities, 32 and 19 years of age, to choose among environmental stimuli and request their repetition whenever they so desired. Within each session, 18 stimuli (12 preferred and 6 nonpreferred) were available. For each stimulus, a computer system provided a sample of 3 sec. duration. During the intervention, participants' vocal responding in relation to a stimulus sample activated a microswitch and a computer system turned on that stimulus for 15-30 sec. When participants did not vocally respond, the computer system paused briefly and then presented the next scheduled stimulus sample. When participants vocally responded at the end of a stimulus presentation, the stimulus was repeated. Intervention data showed that the participants learned to choose preferred stimuli and bypass nonpreferred ones as well as to request repetitions of the preferred stimuli. This performance was maintained at a 1-mo. postintervention check and transferred to sets of stimuli not used in the intervention. The implications of these results were discussed.
Authors:
G E Lancioni; M F O'Reilly; N N Singh; J Sigafoos; D Oliva; L Severini
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Perceptual and motor skills     Volume:  103     ISSN:  0031-5125     ISO Abbreviation:  Percept Mot Skills     Publication Date:  2006 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2006-12-14     Completed Date:  2007-02-12     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0401131     Medline TA:  Percept Mot Skills     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  354-62     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Psychology, University of Bari, Via Quintino Sella 268, 70100 Bari, Italy. g.lancioni@psico.uniba.it
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adult
Affect
Association Learning
Choice Behavior*
Communication Aids for Disabled*
Disabled Persons / psychology,  rehabilitation*
Follow-Up Studies
Humans
Male
Mentally Disabled Persons / psychology,  rehabilitation*
Microcomputers*
Motivation
Social Environment*
Speech Recognition Software*
Transfer (Psychology)

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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