Document Detail


Employment status and the risk of pregnancy complications: the Generation R Study.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  19955575     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
OBJECTIVES: This study explored the relationships of employment status, type of unemployment and number of weekly working hours, with a wide range of pregnancy outcomes. METHODS: Information on employment characteristics and pregnancy outcomes was available for 6111 pregnant women enrolled in a population-based cohort study in the Netherlands. RESULTS: After adjustment for confounders, there were no statistically significant differences in risks of pregnancy complications between employed and unemployed women. Among unemployed women, women receiving disability benefit had an increased risk of preterm ruptured membranes (OR 3.16, 95% CI 1.49 to 6.70), elective caesarean section (OR 2.98, 95% CI 1.21 to 7.34) and preterm birth (OR 2.64, 95% CI 1.32 to 5.28) compared to housewives. Offspring of students and women receiving disability benefit had a significantly lower mean birth weight than offspring of housewives (difference: -93, 95% CI -174 to -12; and -97, 95% CI -190 to -5, respectively). In employed women, long working hours (>or=40 h/week) were associated with a decrease of 45 g in offspring's mean birth weight (adjusted analysis; 95% CI -89 to -1) compared with 1-24 h/weekly working hours. CONCLUSIONS: We found no indications that paid employment during pregnancy effects the health of the mother and child. However, among unemployed and employed women, women receiving disability benefit, students and women with long working hours during pregnancy were at risk for some adverse pregnancy outcomes. More research is needed to replicate these results and explain these findings. Meanwhile, prenatal care providers should be made aware of the risks associated with specific types of unemployment and long working hours.
Authors:
Pauline W Jansen; Henning Tiemeier; Frank C Verhulst; Alex Burdorf; Vincent W V Jaddoe; Albert Hofman; Henriëtte A Moll; Bero O Verburg; Eric A P Steegers; Johan P Mackenbach; Hein Raat
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't     Date:  2009-12-02
Journal Detail:
Title:  Occupational and environmental medicine     Volume:  67     ISSN:  1470-7926     ISO Abbreviation:  Occup Environ Med     Publication Date:  2010 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-06-04     Completed Date:  2010-09-13     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9422759     Medline TA:  Occup Environ Med     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  387-94     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
The Generation R Study Group, Erasmus MC-University Medical Centre Rotterdam, PO Box 2040 (Room Ae-029), 3000 CA Rotterdam, the Netherlands. p.w.jansen@erasmusmc.nl
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adult
Disabled Persons
Employment / statistics & numerical data*
Female
Humans
Infant, Newborn
Infant, Small for Gestational Age
Netherlands / epidemiology
Obstetric Labor, Premature / epidemiology*
Pregnancy
Pregnancy Outcome / epidemiology*
Questionnaires
Risk Assessment
Risk Factors
Time Factors

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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