Document Detail

Employment status and high blood pressure in women: variations by time and by sociodemographic characteristics.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  9099398     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
PURPOSE: The association between employment status and high blood pressure in women was examined at two time periods to determine if associations between employment status and high blood pressure varied by time period or by age, race, education, marital status, or parental status. METHODS: Women participants from the National Health Examination Survey (1960) and the Second National Health and Nutrition Survey (1976-1980) between the ages of 25 and 64 and currently employed or keeping house were included. Logistic regression analysis was used to examine the cross-sectional association between employment status and high blood pressure in each survey, taking into account potential effect modifiers and covariates. RESULTS: In 1960 employment was associated with a slight, but not statistically significant, elevation in odds of high blood pressure. In 1976-1980, it was associated with a modest but significant reduction in odds of high blood pressure. Variations in associations occurred by marital status (protective associations were limited to unmarried women) and race (associations were of stronger magnitude among African-American women). CONCLUSIONS: The employment status-high blood pressure relationship shifted across surveys. Changes in the composition of the employed and nonemployed groups account for at least part of the varying relationships.
K M Rose; B Newman; T Bennett; H A Tyroler
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Annals of epidemiology     Volume:  7     ISSN:  1047-2797     ISO Abbreviation:  Ann Epidemiol     Publication Date:  1997 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1997-07-08     Completed Date:  1997-07-08     Revised Date:  2008-06-23    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9100013     Medline TA:  Ann Epidemiol     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  107-14     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Epidemiology, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill School of Public Health, USA.
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MeSH Terms
African Americans
Body Mass Index
Cross-Sectional Studies
Educational Status
Effect Modifiers (Epidemiology)
European Continental Ancestry Group
Health Surveys
Hypertension / ethnology,  etiology*,  physiopathology
Life Style
Middle Aged
Nutrition Surveys
Socioeconomic Factors
Time Factors
Women, Working*
Grant Support

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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