Document Detail


Empirical characterisation and mathematical modelling of settlement in composting batch reactors.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22100237     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The settlement of organic matter during composting was measured at different levels during the active biodegradation phase in forced-aerated static reactors loaded with different mixtures of organic wastes. The temperature evolution and the concentration of oxygen and carbon dioxide were also recorded in the exhaust gases. Two two-parameter equations and their generalised three-parameter form were fitted to the experimental data and their capability to predict settlement as a function of time was discussed. The settlement field inside the reactors was successfully described with a linear profile. At any given time and vertical position, mass settlement was proportional to the initial height after reactor loading. Furthermore, a relationship linking settlement to biological activity was also proposed. Under all tested experimental conditions, settlement showed a clear correlation with the cumulative oxygen consumption that was modelled with a three parameter equation.
Authors:
Josep Illa; Francesc X Prenafeta-Boldú; August Bonmatí; Xavier Flotats
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2011-10-28
Journal Detail:
Title:  Bioresource technology     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1873-2976     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2011 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-11-21     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9889523     Medline TA:  Bioresour Technol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2011 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Affiliation:
Dept. of Computing and Industrial Engineering, Universitat de Lleida, Avgda. Jaume II 69, E-25001 Lleida, Spain.
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