Document Detail

Emphysematous cystitis: a review of the literature.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  24429444     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Emphysematous cystitis (EC) is a rare form of complicated urinary tract infection, its characteristic feature being gas within the bladder wall and lumen. Patients with EC present with variable clinical manifestations ranging from asymptomatic to severe sepsis. EC is typically observed in elderly women with severe diabetes mellitus. Escherichia coli and Klebsiella pneumoniae are often isolated from urine cultures. Imaging methods, such as plain conventional abdominal radiography and computed tomography, are pivotal for obtaining a definitive diagnosis of EC. Most cases can be treated with a combination of antibiotics, bladder drainage and glycemic control. EC is potentially life-threatening, with a mortality rate of 7%. Early medical intervention can contribute to achieving a favorable prognosis without the need for surgical intervention. In this review, we provide a comprehensive description of the clinical characteristics of EC.
Masayuki Amano; Taro Shimizu
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article     Date:  2012-03-01
Journal Detail:
Title:  Internal medicine (Tokyo, Japan)     Volume:  53     ISSN:  1349-7235     ISO Abbreviation:  Intern. Med.     Publication Date:  2014  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2014-01-16     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9204241     Medline TA:  Intern Med     Country:  Japan    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  79-82     Citation Subset:  IM    
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