Document Detail


Empathic abilities in people with schizophrenia.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  18514324     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Although the existence of empathy deficits in schizophrenia is generally accepted, very few studies have directly investigated the issue. The nature of empathy deficits in healthy subjects and psychiatric patients is an understudied subject. The performances of the 30 outpatients with schizophrenia on a psychometric measure, the Empathy Quotient (EQ), were compared with those of 30 control subjects matched for age, duration of education and gender. The relatives or spouses of the patients also filled out the EQ. A neuropsychological battery, including emotion recognition, emotional reasoning and theory of mind tasks, was also administered. Schizophrenia patients had severe empathy dysfunction based on their relative EQ ratings. There was a serious discrepancy between the self and relative/spouse assessments of the empathic skills of schizophrenia patients. Consistent with the previous findings schizophrenia patients were impaired in nearly all cognitive tasks. The empathy deficits of schizophrenia patients were associated with their impairments in other social cognitive tasks. Studies focusing on dysfunctional brain networks underlying empathy deficits and studies using more experimental measures of empathy should be helpful to unravel the true nature of the empathic failure in patients with schizophrenia.
Authors:
Emre Bora; Sezen Gökçen; Baybars Veznedaroglu
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't     Date:  2008-06-02
Journal Detail:
Title:  Psychiatry research     Volume:  160     ISSN:  0165-1781     ISO Abbreviation:  Psychiatry Res     Publication Date:  2008 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2008-06-16     Completed Date:  2008-10-08     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7911385     Medline TA:  Psychiatry Res     Country:  Ireland    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  23-9     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Melbourne Neuropsychiatry Centre, Psychiatry Department of Melbourne University, Victoria, Australia. emrebora@hotmail.com
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adult
Affect / physiology
Cognition Disorders / diagnosis*,  psychology
Control Groups
Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders
Empathy*
Facial Expression
Family / psychology
Female
Humans
Male
Neuropsychological Tests / statistics & numerical data
Personality Inventory / statistics & numerical data
Prefrontal Cortex / physiopathology
Psychiatric Status Rating Scales / statistics & numerical data
Psychometrics
Schizophrenia / diagnosis*,  physiopathology
Schizophrenic Psychology*
Social Perception*

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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