Document Detail


Emotional empathy and psychopathy in offenders: an experimental study.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23342958     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Previous studies associated psychopathy in adults with deficits in empathy but these studies did not directly compare cognitive and emotional facets of empathy. The present study sought to establish whether psychopathy is associated with impairments in emotional empathy among adult offenders. Participants were 90 male offenders scoring low (n = 29), medium (n = 33) or high (n = 28) on the Psychopathy Checklist-Revised (PCL-R) and n = 28 male noncriminal controls. Empathy functioning was assessed through self-report and computerized decision tasks, differentiating between perspective-taking (cognitive empathy) and compassion (emotional empathy). Against expectations, level of psychopathy among the offenders was not associated with either emotional or cognitive empathy. Offenders however had lower scores for both cognitive and emotional components of empathy functioning than controls. Both facets of empathy showed small but significant positive correlations with education level and social desirability. The methods employed to assess differences in empathy functioning may not be sensitive enough to assess differences in forensic samples.
Authors:
Gregor Domes; Pia Hollerbach; Knut Vohs; Andreas Mokros; Elmar Habermeyer
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of personality disorders     Volume:  27     ISSN:  1943-2763     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Pers. Disord.     Publication Date:  2013 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-01-24     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8710838     Medline TA:  J Pers Disord     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  67-84     Citation Subset:  IM    
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