Document Detail

Emotional determinants of infant-mother attachment.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  1756666     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
The present study examined the assumption that emotion-related characteristics of mothers and infants contribute to the development of infant-mother attachment in the first year of life. Mothers' emotion and personality characteristics were assessed with expressive-behavior ratings and self-report scales. Infant characteristics were measured by emotion and temperament questionnaires (mother report) and objective coding of facial expressions of emotions. Attachment classifications were determined by means of the Strange Situation procedure, and a continuous-variable index of attachment security was derived by a discriminant function procedure. Mothers' emotion experiences, expressive behaviors, and personality traits were significant predictors of the level of security of the infant-mother attachment. Infants' expressive and temperamental characteristics as rated by their mothers were also significant predictors of attachment security.
C E Izard; O M Haynes; G Chisholm; K Baak
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Child development     Volume:  62     ISSN:  0009-3920     ISO Abbreviation:  Child Dev     Publication Date:  1991 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1992-02-06     Completed Date:  1992-02-06     Revised Date:  2007-11-14    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0372725     Medline TA:  Child Dev     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  906-17     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Psychology, University of Delaware, Newark 19716.
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MeSH Terms
Child Psychology*
Child, Preschool
Mother-Child Relations*
Object Attachment*
Personality Assessment
Personality Development*
Grant Support

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