Document Detail

Emotional Appetite Questionnaire. Construct validity and relationship with BMI.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20005275     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
The Emotional Appetite Questionnaire (EMAQ) comprises ratings of tendency to eat in response to both positive and negative, emotions and situations. To assess construct validity, the responses of 232 male and female participants to the EMAQ subscales were correlated with the subscales of the Dutch Eating Behavior Questionnaire (DEBQ), which has been extensively validated. In addition, the EMAQ scores were correlated with BMI. Convergent validity was demonstrated by a significant positive correlation between the negative emotions and situations scores of the EMAQ and the emotional eating subscale score of the DEBQ (DEBQ-E). Moreover, discriminant validity was demonstrated by low correlations of EMAQ positive emotions and situations scores with the DEBQ-E score. For the study sample, the EMAQ negative scores were significantly positively correlated with BMI, and the EMAQ positive scores were significantly inversely correlated with BMI. As BMI increased so did reported negative emotional and situational eating whereas as BMI decreased, reported positive emotional and situational eating increased. Although causality cannot be inferred from correlations, eating more under negative emotions may contribute to being overweight whereas eating less may contribute to being underweight. The EMAQ was shown to have construct validity, and emotional eating was significantly correlated with BMI.
Laurence J Nolan; Lindsay B Halperin; Allan Geliebter
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Validation Studies     Date:  2009-12-11
Journal Detail:
Title:  Appetite     Volume:  54     ISSN:  1095-8304     ISO Abbreviation:  Appetite     Publication Date:  2010 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-03-01     Completed Date:  2010-05-04     Revised Date:  2014-09-21    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8006808     Medline TA:  Appetite     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  314-9     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
Copyright 2009 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
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MeSH Terms
Body Mass Index*
Eating / psychology*
Feeding Behavior / psychology*
Middle Aged
Questionnaires / standards*
Reproducibility of Results
Sensitivity and Specificity
Young Adult
Grant Support
R01 DK074046/DK/NIDDK NIH HHS; R01 DK074046-01A1/DK/NIDDK NIH HHS; R01 DK074046-01A1S1/DK/NIDDK NIH HHS; R01 DK074046-02/DK/NIDDK NIH HHS; R01 DK074046-02S1/DK/NIDDK NIH HHS; R01 DK074046-02S2/DK/NIDDK NIH HHS; R01 DK074046-03/DK/NIDDK NIH HHS; R01 DK074046-04/DK/NIDDK NIH HHS; R01 DK074046-05/DK/NIDDK NIH HHS; R03 DK068392/DK/NIDDK NIH HHS; R03 DK068392-02/DK/NIDDK NIH HHS

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