Document Detail


Emmetropisation in human infancy: rate of change is related to initial refractive error.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  7610593     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Animal studies show that the rate of recovery from experimentally induced refractive errors is related to the level of ametropia induced. The present study examined the rate of emmetropisation occurring in a sample of 22 human infants refracted by near retinoscopy during the first six months of life and then again between 12 and 17 months old. None of the subjects were myopic. Regression analysis revealed that emmetropisation occurred more rapidly in the presence of high refractive errors (P < 0.005 and P = 0.001 for hyperopia and astigmatism respectively). These data confirm the findings of the animal studies and suggest that non-reducing hyperopia and astigmatism in the second year of life may require correction.
Authors:
K J Saunders; J M Woodhouse; C A Westall
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Vision research     Volume:  35     ISSN:  0042-6989     ISO Abbreviation:  Vision Res.     Publication Date:  1995 May 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1995-08-11     Completed Date:  1995-08-11     Revised Date:  2004-11-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0417402     Medline TA:  Vision Res     Country:  ENGLAND    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1325-8     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Vision Sciences, Glasgow Caledonian University, U.K.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Aging / physiology*
Astigmatism / complications
Humans
Hyperopia / complications
Infant
Longitudinal Studies
Ophthalmoscopy
Refractive Errors / physiopathology*
Time Factors

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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