Document Detail


Emissions from the burning of vegetative debris in air curtain destructors.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  17824286     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Although air curtain destructors (ACDs) have been used for quite some time to dispose of vegetative debris, relatively little in-depth testing has been conducted to quantify emissions of pollutants other than CO and particulate matter. As part of an effort to prepare for possible use of ACDs to dispose of the enormous volumes of debris generated by Hurricanes Katrina and Rita, the literature on ACD emissions was reviewed to identify potential environmental issues associated with ACD disposal of construction and demolition (C&D) debris. Although no data have been published on emissions from C&D debris combustion in an ACD, a few studies provided information on emissions from the combustion of vegetative debris. These studies are reviewed, and the results compared with studies of open burning of biomass. Combustion of vegetative debris in ACD units results in significantly lower emissions of particulate matter and CO per unit of mass of debris compared with open pile burning. The available data are not sufficient to make general estimates regarding emissions of organic or metal compounds. The highly transient nature of the ACD combustion process, a minimal degree of operational control, and significant variability in debris properties make accurate prediction of ACD emissions impossible in general. Results of scoping tests conducted in preparation for possible in-depth emissions tests demonstrate the challenges associated with sampling ACD emissions and highlight the transient nature of the process. The environmental impacts of widespread use of ACDs for disposal of vegetative debris and their potential use to reduce the volume of C&D debris in future disaster response scenarios remain a considerable gap in understanding the risks associated with debris disposal options.
Authors:
C Andrew Miller; Paul M Lemieux
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of the Air & Waste Management Association (1995)     Volume:  57     ISSN:  1096-2247     ISO Abbreviation:  J Air Waste Manag Assoc     Publication Date:  2007 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2007-09-10     Completed Date:  2007-10-10     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9503111     Medline TA:  J Air Waste Manag Assoc     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  959-67     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Research and Development, National Risk Management Research Laboratory, Research Triangle Park, NC, 27711, USA. miller.andy@epa.gov
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Air Pollutants / analysis*,  chemistry
Carbon Dioxide
Carbon Monoxide
Gases / analysis
Incineration* / instrumentation
Nitrogen Dioxide
Nitrous Oxide
Oxygen
Particulate Matter / chemistry
Plants / chemistry*
Refuse Disposal* / instrumentation,  methods
Sulfur Dioxide
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Air Pollutants; 0/Gases; 0/Particulate Matter; 10024-97-2/Nitrous Oxide; 10102-44-0/Nitrogen Dioxide; 124-38-9/Carbon Dioxide; 630-08-0/Carbon Monoxide; 7446-09-5/Sulfur Dioxide; 7782-44-7/Oxygen

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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