Document Detail


Emerging pathogenic mechanisms in human myxomatous mitral valve: lessons from past and novel data.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23261354     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
INTRODUCTION: Myxomatous mitral valve is one of the most common heart valves diseases in human and has been well characterized at a functional and morphological level. Diseased valves are thickened as a result of extracellular matrix remodeling and proteoglycans accumulation accompanied by the disruption of the stratified structures of the leaflets. METHODS: Global transcriptomic analysis was used as a start-up to investigate potential pathogenic mechanisms involved in the development of the human idiopathic myxomatous mitral valve, which have been elusive for many years. RESULTS: These prospective analyses have highlighted the potential role of apparently unrelated molecules in myxomatous mitral valve such as members of the transforming growth factor-β superfamily, aggrecanases of the "a disintegrin and metalloprotease with thrombospondin repeats I" family, and a weakening of the protection against oxidative stress. We have integrated, in this review, recent transcriptomic data from our laboratory [A. Hulin, C.F. Deroanne, C.A. Lambert, B. Dumont, V. Castronovo, J.O. Defraigne, et al. Metallothionein-dependent up-regulation of TGF-beta2 participates in the remodelling of the myxomatous mitral valve. Cardiovasc Res 2012;93:480-489] and from the publication of Sainger et al. [R. Sainger, J.B. Grau, E. Branchetti, P. Poggio, W.F. Seefried, B.C. Field, et al. Human myxomatous mitral valve prolapse: role of bone morphogenetic protein 4 in valvular interstitial cell activation. J Cell Physiol 2012;227:2595-2604] with existing literature and information issued from the study of monogenic syndromes and animal models. CONCLUSION: Understanding cellular alterations and molecular mechanisms involved in myxomatous mitral valve should help at identifying relevant targets for future effective pharmacological therapy to prevent or reduce its progression.
Authors:
Alexia Hulin; Christophe Deroanne; Charles Lambert; Jean-Olivier Defraigne; Betty Nusgens; Marc Radermecker; Alain Colige
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-12-20
Journal Detail:
Title:  Cardiovascular pathology : the official journal of the Society for Cardiovascular Pathology     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1879-1336     ISO Abbreviation:  Cardiovasc. Pathol.     Publication Date:  2012 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-12-24     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9212060     Medline TA:  Cardiovasc Pathol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2012 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Affiliation:
Laboratory of Connective Tissues Biology, GIGA, University of Liège, Liège, Belgium.
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