Document Detail

Emerging concept: 'central benefit model' of exercise in falls prevention.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22522589     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Falls are a common geriatric syndrome and are the third leading cause of chonic disability worldwide. Falls are not random events and occur, at least in part, due to impaired physiological function, such as impaired balance, and cognitive impairment. The clinical syndrome of falls is important for Sports and Exercise Medicine Clinicians as there is Level 1 evidence that targeted exercise prescription is an effective intervention strategy. The widely accepted dogma is that improved physical function, balance and muscle strength, underlies the effectiveness of the exercise in reducing falls. However, findings from randomised controlled trials suggest that exercise reduce falls via mechanisms other than improved physiological function. The authors propose that improved cognitive function - specifically, executive functions - and associated functional plasticity may be an important yet underappreciated mechanism by which the exercise reduces falls in older adults.
Teresa Liu-Ambrose; Lindsay S Nagamatsu; Chun Liang Hsu; Niousha Bolandzadeh
Related Documents :
20305929 - Role of exercise training on pulmonary ischemia/reperfusion and inflammatory response.
22364489 - Motor performance improved by exercises in cerebral ischemic rats.
22503429 - Changes in voluntary quadriceps activation predict changes in quadriceps strength after...
17851919 - Protective effect of edaravone against endolymphatic hydrops.
24828909 - Use of mock media in emergency management exercises: the chemical stockpile emergency p...
9059249 - Oxygen free radical damage in the cornea after excimer laser therapy.
16169689 - Vitrification of pre-pubertal ovine cumulus-oocyte complexes: effect of cytochalasin b ...
6258449 - Fluid propulsion by cat intestinal segments under conditions requiring hydrostatic work.
12703849 - Bilateral symmetry and the competitive standard attained in elite and sub-elite sport.
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't     Date:  2012-04-20
Journal Detail:
Title:  British journal of sports medicine     Volume:  47     ISSN:  1473-0480     ISO Abbreviation:  Br J Sports Med     Publication Date:  2013 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-12-28     Completed Date:  2013-05-24     Revised Date:  2013-10-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0432520     Medline TA:  Br J Sports Med     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  115-7     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Physical Therapy, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC, Canada.
Export Citation:
APA/MLA Format     Download EndNote     Download BibTex
MeSH Terms
Accidental Falls / prevention & control*
Executive Function / physiology*
Exercise / physiology
Exercise Therapy / methods*
Risk Factors
Grant Support
MOB-93373//Canadian Institutes of Health Research
Comment In:
Br J Sports Med. 2013 Aug;47(12):730-1   [PMID:  22815425 ]
Erratum In:
Br J Sports Med. 2013 Sep;47(13):856

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

Previous Document:  Determination of future prevention strategies in elite track and field: analysis of Daegu 2011 IAAF ...
Next Document:  The effects of eccentric training on lower limb flexibility: a systematic review.