Document Detail


Emerging concept: 'central benefit model' of exercise in falls prevention.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22522589     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Falls are a common geriatric syndrome and are the third leading cause of chonic disability worldwide. Falls are not random events and occur, at least in part, due to impaired physiological function, such as impaired balance, and cognitive impairment. The clinical syndrome of falls is important for Sports and Exercise Medicine Clinicians as there is Level 1 evidence that targeted exercise prescription is an effective intervention strategy. The widely accepted dogma is that improved physical function, balance and muscle strength, underlies the effectiveness of the exercise in reducing falls. However, findings from randomised controlled trials suggest that exercise reduce falls via mechanisms other than improved physiological function. The authors propose that improved cognitive function - specifically, executive functions - and associated functional plasticity may be an important yet underappreciated mechanism by which the exercise reduces falls in older adults.
Authors:
Teresa Liu-Ambrose; Lindsay S Nagamatsu; Chun Liang Hsu; Niousha Bolandzadeh
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't     Date:  2012-04-20
Journal Detail:
Title:  British journal of sports medicine     Volume:  47     ISSN:  1473-0480     ISO Abbreviation:  Br J Sports Med     Publication Date:  2013 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-12-28     Completed Date:  2013-05-24     Revised Date:  2013-10-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0432520     Medline TA:  Br J Sports Med     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  115-7     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Physical Therapy, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC, Canada. tlambrose@exchange.ubc.ca
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Accidental Falls / prevention & control*
Aged
Executive Function / physiology*
Exercise / physiology
Exercise Therapy / methods*
Humans
Risk Factors
Grant Support
ID/Acronym/Agency:
MOB-93373//Canadian Institutes of Health Research
Comments/Corrections
Comment In:
Br J Sports Med. 2013 Aug;47(12):730-1   [PMID:  22815425 ]
Erratum In:
Br J Sports Med. 2013 Sep;47(13):856

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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