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Emergency Neurological Life Support: Resuscitation Following Cardiac Arrest.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22932988     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Cardiac arrest is the most common cause of death in North America. Neurocritical care interventions, including therapeutic hypothermia (TH), have significantly improved neurological outcomes in patients successfully resuscitated from cardiac arrest. Therefore, resuscitation following cardiac arrest was chosen as an Emergency Neurological Life Support protocol. Patients remaining comatose following resuscitation from cardiac arrest and who are not bleeding are potential candidates for TH. This protocol will review induction, maintenance, and re-warming phases of TH, along with management of TH side effects. Aggressive shivering suppression is necessary with this treatment to ensure the maintenance of a target temperature. Ancillary testing, including electrocardiography, computed tomography imaging of the brain, continuous electroencephalography, monitoring, and correction of electrolyte, blood gas, and hematocrit changes are also necessary to optimize outcomes.
Authors:
Jon C Rittenberger; Kees H Polderman; Wade S Smith; Scott D Weingart
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-8-30
Journal Detail:
Title:  Neurocritical care     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1556-0961     ISO Abbreviation:  Neurocrit Care     Publication Date:  2012 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-8-30     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101156086     Medline TA:  Neurocrit Care     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
Department of Emergency Medicine, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA, USA, rittjc@upmc.edu.
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