Document Detail

Emergence of alcohol expectancies in childhood: a possible critical period.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  2359308     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Previous investigations with adolescents (aged 12-19) have shown alcohol-related expectancies to develop in childhood prior to significant drinking experience and to covary directly with drinking behavior. To chart the development of alcohol expectancies in children as young as age 6, a procedure was developed to be as independent as possible of age-related variation in reading and language development. This instrument was administered to 114 elementary school children of both genders, distributed across grades 1 to 5. Psychometric analysis provided evidence of the test's reliability and validity. Evaluation of the developmental pattern produced two primary findings: (1) there was an overall trend of increasingly positive expectancies with age; and (2) strikingly, the bulk of the increase was observed in the third and fourth grades. Children's expectancies may be less differentiated than adolescent or adult expectancies. These findings suggest that the precursors for later alcohol use and abuse are formed in childhood and that prevention efforts may need to begin as early as third grade.
P M Miller; G T Smith; M S Goldman
Related Documents :
495708 - What's wrong with sex between adults and children? ethics and the problem of sexual abuse.
15513268 - An attachment-based treatment of maltreated children and young people.
7485818 - Spatial learning deficits in preschool children of alcoholics.
20880588 - Risk and protective factors for bullying victimization among aids-affected and vulnerab...
18388578 - Related factors in burn children. epidemiological study of the burn unit at the "magdal...
57348 - Childhood seizures: a 25-year follow up. social and medical prognosis.
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of studies on alcohol     Volume:  51     ISSN:  0096-882X     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Stud. Alcohol     Publication Date:  1990 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1990-08-02     Completed Date:  1990-08-02     Revised Date:  2007-11-14    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7503813     Medline TA:  J Stud Alcohol     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  343-9     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Psychology, Wayne State University, Detroit, Michigan 48202.
Export Citation:
APA/MLA Format     Download EndNote     Download BibTex
MeSH Terms
Age Factors
Alcohol Drinking / psychology*
Alcoholism / psychology*
Pilot Projects
Reproducibility of Results
Grant Support

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

Previous Document:  Endorsement and strength of alcohol expectancies.
Next Document:  Failure of a 2-hour motivational intervention to alter recurrent drinking behavior in alcoholics wit...