Document Detail

Emergence of Salmonella enteritidis phage type 4 in the Caribbean: case-control study in Trinidad and Tobago, West Indies.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  11247713     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
A prospective case-control study involving 46 case patients and 92 age- and neighborhood-matched control subjects was conducted in Trinidad and Tobago (T&T) between March 1998 and May 1999 to determine the etiology, sources, and risk factors for Salmonella enteritidis (SE) infection. SE infection in T&T was found to be associated with the consumption of shell eggs, and in particular raw or undercooked eggs. SE isolates from 30 (88%) of 34 patients and from 9 implicated egg or egg-containing food samples were phage type 4. Homemade eggnog and ice cream, cake batter, and egg-containing beverages were the main raw egg-containing foods, reflecting the cultural practices of the people of T&T. Public health education on the risks of eating raw or undercooked eggs, thorough cooking of all egg dishes, and refrigeration of shell eggs and egg dishes; studies tracing infected eggs to their sources; and testing of flocks of layer chickens for SE are needed to reduce the incidence of this infection.
L Indar-Harrinauth; N Daniels; P Prabhakar; C Brown; G Baccus-Taylor; E Comissiong; J Hospedales
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article     Date:  2001-03-14
Journal Detail:
Title:  Clinical infectious diseases : an official publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America     Volume:  32     ISSN:  1058-4838     ISO Abbreviation:  Clin. Infect. Dis.     Publication Date:  2001 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2001-03-15     Completed Date:  2001-06-14     Revised Date:  2004-11-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9203213     Medline TA:  Clin Infect Dis     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  890-6     Citation Subset:  IM    
Caribbean Epidemiology Centre, Pan American Health Organization/World Health Organization, Port of Spain, Trinidad and Tobago, West Indies.
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MeSH Terms
Case-Control Studies
Child, Preschool
Middle Aged
Multivariate Analysis
Prospective Studies
Risk Factors
Salmonella Food Poisoning / epidemiology*,  etiology,  microbiology
Salmonella enteritidis / classification,  isolation & purification*
Trinidad and Tobago / epidemiology

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