Document Detail

Embryogenesis of GABAergic elements in the nervous system of Eisenia fetida (Annelida, Oligochaeta).
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  15270249     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
The appearance and development of the GABA-immunoreactive nervous elements in the central nervous system of Eisenia fetida were studied by immunocytochemistry. The nervous system originates from the neuroectoderm situated on the ventral side of the embryo. The organization of the circumpharyngeal ring starts earlier than that of the ventral cord. In the elementary ring the first GABA-immunopositive neurons can be observed (E1 stage) around the mouth. Later the cell number gradually increases and parallel to this process the elementary ring is separeted into a superficial and a deeper portion. The brain and the subesophageal ganglion will be organized from the superficial ring, while the nervous elements of the deeper ring will give rise for the first GABA-immunoreactive elements of the stomatogastric nervous system. In the early stages of the embryogenesis the immunoreactive cells of the developing brain appear solitary, while from the stage E4 they gradually are observed in groups. According to their position, these cell groups are similar to those observed in the brain of the adult earthworms. During embryogenesis the level of the ventral cord ganglia depends on their position in the ectodermal germ bands. It means, that the more organized ganglia are near the circumpharyngeal ring, mean while less developed ganglia are situated caudally from them. By the end of the embryogenesis all ganglia of the ventral cord will be equally well organized. The nerve tracts of the ganglia are built up from contra- and ipsilateral by projected fibres. From E3 stage the medial tracts, mean while from the E4 stage the lateral tracts begin to be formed. During the next stages, more and more fibres connect to the both tracts. At hatching, the development of the central nervous system of Eisenia fetida is not completed, the process is continued during the postembryonic development.
Anna Koza; Mária Csoknya
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Acta biologica Hungarica     Volume:  55     ISSN:  0236-5383     ISO Abbreviation:  Acta. Biol. Hung.     Publication Date:  2004  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2004-07-23     Completed Date:  2005-01-13     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8404358     Medline TA:  Acta Biol Hung     Country:  Hungary    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  323-33     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of General Zoology and Neurobiology, University of Pécs, Ifjúság u. 6, H-7624 Pécs, Hungary.
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MeSH Terms
Brain / embryology*
Central Nervous System
Embryonic Development*
Embryonic Structures / physiology
Ganglia, Invertebrate / physiology
Models, Anatomic
Nervous System / embryology*
Neurons / metabolism
Time Factors
gamma-Aminobutyric Acid / metabolism*
Reg. No./Substance:
56-12-2/gamma-Aminobutyric Acid

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