Document Detail


Embryo survival from gossypol-fed heifers after transfer to lactating cows treated with human chorionic gonadotropin.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  16702269     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Objectives were to determine the effects of gossypol exposure during early embryo development on embryonic survival after transfer of frozen and thawed embryos to lactating dairy cows treated with human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG). Holstein cows (n = 269) were either treated or not treated with 3,300 IU of hCG on d 5 of the estrous cycle and received an embryo collected from heifers fed or not fed gossypol. Embryo donor heifers consumed either 0 or 12 g/d of free gossypol for 76 d prior to embryo collection, resulting in mean plasma gossypol concentrations of 0 and 7.38 microg/mL, respectively. Embryos were transferred on d 7 of the estrous cycle and pregnancy diagnosed 21 and 35 d later. Progesterone was analyzed in plasma collected on d 5 and 12 of the estrous cycle. Treatment with hCG increased the total luteal area on d 12 (818.0 vs. 461.1 mm2) because of increased number of corpora lutea (2.0 vs. 1.0) and increased area of the original corpora lutea (522.7 vs. 443.5 mm2). Plasma progesterone concentrations were similar between treatments on d 5, but increased by d 12 in hCG-treated cows (6.46 vs. 4.78 ng/ mL). Pregnancy rates on d 28 and 42 were not affected by hCG. However, after transfer into lactating cows, embryos collected from heifers not fed gossypol resulted in higher pregnancy rates at 28 d (33.3 vs. 23.1%) and 42 d (29.6 vs. 20.2%) of gestation compared with embryos collected from heifers fed gossypol. Our data suggest that the negative effects of gossypol on fertility are mediated by changes in embryo viability in spite of similar grade quality at transfer.
Authors:
K N Galvão; J E P Santos; A C Coscioni; S O Juchem; R C Chebel; W M Sischo; M Villaseñor
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of dairy science     Volume:  89     ISSN:  1525-3198     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Dairy Sci.     Publication Date:  2006 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2006-05-16     Completed Date:  2006-08-24     Revised Date:  2007-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  2985126R     Medline TA:  J Dairy Sci     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  2056-64     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Veterinary Medicine Teaching and Research Center, University of California-Davis, Tulare 93274, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Animals
Cattle / physiology*
Chorionic Gonadotropin / administration & dosage*
Corpus Luteum / anatomy & histology
Diet
Embryo Transfer / veterinary*
Embryo, Mammalian / drug effects*,  physiology
Embryonic Development / drug effects
Female
Gossypol / administration & dosage*
Ovulation Induction
Pregnancy
Pregnancy Outcome
Progesterone / blood
Tissue Donors
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Chorionic Gonadotropin; 303-45-7/Gossypol; 57-83-0/Progesterone

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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