Document Detail

Embryo Manipulation and Imprinting.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22740058     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
As the use of assisted reproductive technologies (ART) continues to rise worldwide, it remains of the upmost importance to maintain the safety of those techniques used in ART. Many of these practices are unique to this discipline; as such, it becomes difficult to assess the true risks that the potential offspring may be subjected to under this type of treatment. Removal of oocytes from a woman's body during an in vitro fertilization (IVF) cycle offers an increased opportunity for routine cellular processes to go awry. Specifically, epigenetic modifications and imprinting diseases are rare among the general population; however, although their incidence among IVF-conceived children is also rare, their frequency in this population remains elevated compared with universal rates. Recent investigations have directly attributed their occurrences to the use of ART and IVF to achieve a successful pregnancy. This review discusses the major cellular manipulations of a typical IVF cycle to assess the potential risks versus the reported risks. These manipulations include preimplantation genetic diagnosis and screening, intracytoplasmic sperm injection, ooplasmic transfer, embryo culture, in vitro maturation, and cryopreservation. Oocyte and embryo handling is a delicate part of the IVF process that continues to improve. The safety of those potential improvements is also discussed.
Dennis E Marchesi; Jie Qiao; Huai L Feng
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-6-27
Journal Detail:
Title:  Seminars in reproductive medicine     Volume:  30     ISSN:  1526-4564     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2012 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-6-28     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  100909394     Medline TA:  Semin Reprod Med     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  323-334     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Thieme Medical Publishers 333 Seventh Avenue, New York, NY 10001, USA.
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, North Shore University Hospital - LIJ Health System, Manhasset, New York.
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