Document Detail


Embolic protection device utilization during stenting of native coronary artery lesions with large lipid core plaques as detected by near-infrared spectroscopy.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22511587     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
BACKGROUND: Stenting of large lipid core plaques (LCPs), as assessed by near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS), has been associated with periprocedural myocardial infarction (MI), possibly due to distal embolization. METHODS: An embolic protection device (EPD) was inserted before stenting in nine native coronary arteries with large LCP, as assessed by NIRS. Embolized material was assessed by histopathology. RESULTS: Mean age was 64 ± 7 years and all patients were men. The target lesion was located in the right (67%) or left anterior descending (33%) coronary artery. A filter was utilized in eight patients (89%) and proximal embolic protection in one (11%). In one patient two filters were required because the originally placed filter became obstructed with debris after initial stent placement. The mean percent angiographic stenosis prestenting and poststenting was 87% ± 9% and 2% ± 4%, respectively and final TIMI 3 flow was achieved in all patients. Embolized material was retrieved in eight of nine patients (89%) and consisted mainly of platelet and fibrin thrombi. The mean target segment lipid core burden index decreased from 395 ± 114 before stenting to 152 ± 106 after stenting (P < 0.001) and the lesion angular extent decreased from 312° ± 70° to 240° ± 90° (P = 0.07). Postprocedural MI occurred in two of nine patients (22%), in one of whom two filters were required. CONCLUSION: Use of EPDs frequently resulted in embolized material retrieval after stenting of native coronary artery lesions with large LCPs. These findings support further study of EPDs as a means to prevent poststenting MI. © 2012 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
Authors:
Emmanouil S Brilakis; Abdul-Rahman R Abdel-Karim; Aristotelis C Papayannis; Tesfaldet T Michael; Bavana V Rangan; Jason L Johnson; Subhash Banerjee
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-4-17
Journal Detail:
Title:  Catheterization and cardiovascular interventions : official journal of the Society for Cardiac Angiography & Interventions     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1522-726X     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2012 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-4-18     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  100884139     Medline TA:  Catheter Cardiovasc Interv     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2012 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
Affiliation:
Department of Cardiovascular Diseases, VA North Texas Healthcare System and University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, Texas. esbrilakis@yahoo.com.
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